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DSM V Flashcards

DSM V Flashcards
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Dissociative disorders
The presence of two or more personalities. Once known as split personality disorder. Examples: dissociative identity disorder, depersonalization disorder, and dissociative amnesia.
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Trauma- and stressor-related disorders
Disorders that cause flashbacks that originate from traumatic events someone has experienced, such as war, abuse, or witnessing violence.
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Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
Disorders that cause excessive thoughts and repetitive behaviors. An example is ritualistic behaviors, such as turning on and off lights a certain number of times.
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Anxiety disorders
Disorder made up of feelings of worry, anxiety, or fear. These include generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder, but also panic disorder and various types of specific phobias.
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Depressive disorders
Persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest. These disorders include persistent depressive disorder as well as specified types, like premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
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Bipolar disorder and related disorders
Illnesses categorized by extreme high and low moods. This may involve types like mania, depression, and rapid cycling.
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Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
Brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. In addition to schizophrenia, catatonic disorder and delusional disorder fall into this category.
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Neurodevelopmental disorders
Disorders typically found in children that affect the brain and how it functions, such as ADHD, autism, and other intellectual disabilities.
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Maladaptive
Not demonstrating appropriate psychological adjustment to the environment or the situation. Examples of this behavior include avoidance, outbursts, and acting impulsively.
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Panic disorder
Repeated and sudden attacks of intense feelings of fear and panic.
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Anxiety
A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease. People with anxiety may suffer from sweating, feeling watched, shaking, and being unable to move from fear.
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Constellation
A set of symptoms that fall or appear to fall into a pattern. Example: Persistent worry, fear, and panic attacks are the constellation of symptoms that fall in line with anxiety disorder.
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Informative statistics
Using math to describe factors like culture, gender, and race as they are related to psychological disorders.
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Diagnosis

Identifying the nature of an illness or disease by evaluating the symptoms.

Example: After evaluation, the doctor diagnosed the patient with depression.

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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition (DSM-V)
A guide that provides brief summaries of disorders; trained psychologists use this manual to assist in the diagnosis of patients.
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Psychologist
A professional who studies the mind and behavior and often conducts therapy. Psychologists may assess patients, diagnose disorders, and design treatment plans.
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32 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Do you want to learn more about mental disorders and the symptoms to identify them? Are you curious about the mysteries of the mind? Use this flashcard set to enhance your understanding of the DSM-V manual. It will guide you on what the DSM-V is, what role psychologists use it for, and the numerous disorders that make up this fascinating manual. With examples of each diagnostic group, it will provide you the information you need to become familiar with the DSM-V set up. It is important to note that this manual is for assessment and diagnosis purposes. It does not provide information on treatment or treatment planning for any disorders.

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Psychologist
A professional who studies the mind and behavior and often conducts therapy. Psychologists may assess patients, diagnose disorders, and design treatment plans.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th Edition (DSM-V)
A guide that provides brief summaries of disorders; trained psychologists use this manual to assist in the diagnosis of patients.
Diagnosis

Identifying the nature of an illness or disease by evaluating the symptoms.

Example: After evaluation, the doctor diagnosed the patient with depression.

Informative statistics
Using math to describe factors like culture, gender, and race as they are related to psychological disorders.
Constellation
A set of symptoms that fall or appear to fall into a pattern. Example: Persistent worry, fear, and panic attacks are the constellation of symptoms that fall in line with anxiety disorder.
Anxiety
A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease. People with anxiety may suffer from sweating, feeling watched, shaking, and being unable to move from fear.
Panic disorder
Repeated and sudden attacks of intense feelings of fear and panic.
Maladaptive
Not demonstrating appropriate psychological adjustment to the environment or the situation. Examples of this behavior include avoidance, outbursts, and acting impulsively.
Neurodevelopmental disorders
Disorders typically found in children that affect the brain and how it functions, such as ADHD, autism, and other intellectual disabilities.
Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
Brain disorder in which people interpret reality abnormally. In addition to schizophrenia, catatonic disorder and delusional disorder fall into this category.
Bipolar disorder and related disorders
Illnesses categorized by extreme high and low moods. This may involve types like mania, depression, and rapid cycling.
Depressive disorders
Persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest. These disorders include persistent depressive disorder as well as specified types, like premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Anxiety disorders
Disorder made up of feelings of worry, anxiety, or fear. These include generalized anxiety disorder and social anxiety disorder, but also panic disorder and various types of specific phobias.
Obsessive-compulsive and related disorders
Disorders that cause excessive thoughts and repetitive behaviors. An example is ritualistic behaviors, such as turning on and off lights a certain number of times.
Trauma- and stressor-related disorders
Disorders that cause flashbacks that originate from traumatic events someone has experienced, such as war, abuse, or witnessing violence.
Dissociative disorders
The presence of two or more personalities. Once known as split personality disorder. Examples: dissociative identity disorder, depersonalization disorder, and dissociative amnesia.
Somatic symptom and related disorders
A range of disorders regarding reactions to physical problems. The patient may have an identifiable ailment, or it may be imaginary (may feel pain when there are no indications of injury).
Feeding and eating disorders
These disorders vary from restricting food intake (anemia), eating until you become sick, forcing yourself to become sick (bulimia), or eating non food items like paint or rocks.
Elimination disorders
Psychological disorders that involve bodily waste, such as refusal to go to the bathroom, or going in unauthorized places.
Sleep-wake disorders
Disorders where normal sleep and wake patterns are out of alignment, like the inability to stay asleep or to stay awake. These also include nightmares, sleep walking and snoring.
Sexual dysfunctions
Disorders in this group have to do with sexual performance or discomfort and affect both males and females.
Gender dysphoria
A disorder where someone does not identify with their biological sex, like a person who feels like he is a man, but has a physical female body.
Disruptive, impulse-control, and conduct disorders
Negative and sometimes violent disorders where the person has no regard for others, is often involved in criminal activities, withdraws from society, and rages against authority.
Substance-related and addictive disorders
These disorders focus on abuse of items that alter your mental state, such as alcohol, illegal drugs, and prescription drugs, or addictive vices such as gambling.
Neurocognitive disorders
Deal with an abnormal decrease in mental processing and affect memory and brain function. These are typically seen in older patients and include Alzheimer's and dementia.
Personality disorders
Disorders like borderline personality disorder, with characteristics like unstable moods and relationships. People with personality disorders may avoid relationships or focus only on themselves.
Paraphilic disorders
These disorders deal with deviation from sexual norms and can cause relationship issues with friends and family members; they may involve the law.
Phobia
An anxiety disorder based in excessive fear and an unreasonable reaction associated with a specific trigger, like spiders (arachnophobia).
Narcissistic personality disorder
Having an elevated self view; for example, thinking that you can do the task better than anyone at anytime.
Anorexia
Eating disorder where daily calorie intake is only around 600-800. People with this disorder continually view themselves as overweight.
Retrograde amnesia
Dissociative disorder where the person forgets the past but can make new memories.
Hypochondriasis
Somatoform disorder where patients have minor symptoms but interpret them to indicate major diseases; e.g. having a stomach ache and thinking you have stomach cancer.

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