Eating Disorders List & Flashcards

Eating Disorders List & Flashcards
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Malnutrition
A nutritional problem resulting from poor nourishment due to a lack of sufficient food, inappropriate eating habits, or a physical condition that prevents the body from absorbing nutrients.
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Dehydration
A thirst-producing physical condition where fluid loss is greater than fluid intake. This creates an electrolyte imbalance, which is a nutritional problem.
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Pica
An unusual and uncontrollable desire for and eating of nonnutritive substances, such as dirt or feces, for at least a one month period when such a behavior is not developmentally appropriate.
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Bulimia Nervosa
Eating disorder marked by repeated, usually hidden, periods of binge eating followed by fasting, excessive exercise, and/or forced evacuation of the food through vomiting and laxatives.
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Anorexia Nervosa
An eating disorder indicating a distorted body image where the fear of becoming obese causes emaciation, or abnormal thinness, and an aversion to food.
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Cachexia
Severe appetite loss, weight loss, and tissue wasting due to various diseases. Different from anorexia because patient would still lose weight, even if they were eating sufficient calories.
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Anorexia
A lack of or a loss of appetite for food. It can be explained as an aversion to food due to a disease process, such as cancer.
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Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set will help build your knowledge of various eating disorders and enable you to individually identify and differentiate between them. It will also aid you in understanding the multiple nutritional problems that frequently accompany eating disorders. An explanation of the characteristics, underlying causes, and nutritional problems arising from eating disorders, such as anorexia and pica, is covered while also testing your knowledge on terms associated with eating disorders, such as body mass index and body dysmorphic disorder.

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Anorexia
A lack of or a loss of appetite for food. It can be explained as an aversion to food due to a disease process, such as cancer.
Cachexia
Severe appetite loss, weight loss, and tissue wasting due to various diseases. Different from anorexia because patient would still lose weight, even if they were eating sufficient calories.
Anorexia Nervosa
An eating disorder indicating a distorted body image where the fear of becoming obese causes emaciation, or abnormal thinness, and an aversion to food.
Bulimia Nervosa
Eating disorder marked by repeated, usually hidden, periods of binge eating followed by fasting, excessive exercise, and/or forced evacuation of the food through vomiting and laxatives.
Pica
An unusual and uncontrollable desire for and eating of nonnutritive substances, such as dirt or feces, for at least a one month period when such a behavior is not developmentally appropriate.
Dehydration
A thirst-producing physical condition where fluid loss is greater than fluid intake. This creates an electrolyte imbalance, which is a nutritional problem.
Malnutrition
A nutritional problem resulting from poor nourishment due to a lack of sufficient food, inappropriate eating habits, or a physical condition that prevents the body from absorbing nutrients.
Malabsorption
A nutritional problem where intestinal absorption of nutrients is impaired, causing the stool to contain high levels of nutrients such as carbs, fats, proteins, vitamins, and minerals.
Obesity
A disproportionate and excessive amount of body fat compared to ths size of a person's frame.
Morbid Obesity
A condition where excessive body fat impairs normal physical activity, causing a state of disease within the body. 'Morbid' means diseased.
Nutrients
Substances that help nourish your body in order to produce energy, build and maintain tissues, and regulate bodily processes.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)
A condition where someone is so overly concerned with perceived bodily faults that it disrupts their daily life. May be a trigger to an eating disorder.
Eating Disorder
Stemming from both behavioral and psychological issues, this leads to an excessive concern with food and body shape. Oftentimes, it is caused by various underlying disorder(s).
Body Mass Index (BMI)
A calculation of one's weight-to-height ratio, which, if too low or high, can indicate an eating disorder.
Dietician
Professional who provides guidance on healthy eating and may help to identify and deal with an eating disorder.

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