Education & the Legal System Flashcards

Education & the Legal System Flashcards
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Title I Funding

Provides money to schools with large amounts of low-income students from the federal government

Dependent on results of standards-based assessments

Tied to No Child Left Behind

Got it
No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
Federal legislation that required standards-based assessments for students and higher standards for teachers
Got it
Morrill Act of 1862 / The Morrill Land-Grants Act

This was passed to ensure the future of agriculture. It gave all states land on which to build the first public colleges as long as they focused on teaching agriculture, engineering, and military tactics

Got it
Appropriate Evaluation under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

Testing of disabled student should be nondiscriminatory and nonbiased

Extra support can be given if both parents and teachers are in agreement

Got it
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
A document that is prepared by teachers, parents, specialists, and sometimes the disabled student it affects; it describes educational goals and the support required to meet those goals
Got it
Competency Based Testing

Assessed whether students were learning to use their minds effectively under the Goals 2000

Took place at the end of grades 4, 8, and 12

Could be fulfilled via testing or portfolio preparation

Got it
Preschool Programs

Important component of the Goals 2000

Allowed for all students, especially those from low income areas, to enter kindergarten ready to learn

Got it
Goals of Educate America Act
Teacher development, safe school environment, students prepared to and taught how to learn, 100% adult literacy, 90% graduation rate, parent collaboration, first in science and math globally
Got it
Goals 2000

Legislation passed in 1994 by Clinton that described 8 goals for whole-child American education

First time education reform was enacted by federal government

Also known as Educate America Act

Got it
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Requires states to identify and accommodate handicapped children in public schools in their least restrictive environment using individualized educational programs and parental involvement
Got it
Brown v. Board of Education
A case in which the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that 'separate but equal' segregated schools were in violation of the 14th Amendment
Got it
'A Nation at Risk'

Report published by Reagan in 1983 that looked at American public schools

Resulted in increased rigor, Common Core standards, and improved teacher preparation and pay

Got it
24 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

Throughout a career in education, a teacher will hear a lot about educational reform. The United States wants its students to be the top in the world, and the government has stepped in many times and passed legislation to help achieve that goal. The following flashcards will help you review how the current school climate has been affected by government legislation.

Front
Back
'A Nation at Risk'

Report published by Reagan in 1983 that looked at American public schools

Resulted in increased rigor, Common Core standards, and improved teacher preparation and pay

Brown v. Board of Education
A case in which the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that 'separate but equal' segregated schools were in violation of the 14th Amendment
Education for All Handicapped Children Act
Requires states to identify and accommodate handicapped children in public schools in their least restrictive environment using individualized educational programs and parental involvement
Goals 2000

Legislation passed in 1994 by Clinton that described 8 goals for whole-child American education

First time education reform was enacted by federal government

Also known as Educate America Act

Goals of Educate America Act
Teacher development, safe school environment, students prepared to and taught how to learn, 100% adult literacy, 90% graduation rate, parent collaboration, first in science and math globally
Preschool Programs

Important component of the Goals 2000

Allowed for all students, especially those from low income areas, to enter kindergarten ready to learn

Competency Based Testing

Assessed whether students were learning to use their minds effectively under the Goals 2000

Took place at the end of grades 4, 8, and 12

Could be fulfilled via testing or portfolio preparation

Individualized Education Program (IEP)
A document that is prepared by teachers, parents, specialists, and sometimes the disabled student it affects; it describes educational goals and the support required to meet those goals
Appropriate Evaluation under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

Testing of disabled student should be nondiscriminatory and nonbiased

Extra support can be given if both parents and teachers are in agreement

Morrill Act of 1862 / The Morrill Land-Grants Act

This was passed to ensure the future of agriculture. It gave all states land on which to build the first public colleges as long as they focused on teaching agriculture, engineering, and military tactics

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
Federal legislation that required standards-based assessments for students and higher standards for teachers
Title I Funding

Provides money to schools with large amounts of low-income students from the federal government

Dependent on results of standards-based assessments

Tied to No Child Left Behind

Problems with No Child Left Behind

Teachers focus their instruction on how to take the test

Loss of social studies, science, art, and physical education classes due to lack of funding

Unfair penalties for low-income schools

Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District

A Supreme Court ruling that stated that students' First Amendment rights allowed for freedom of expression at school, with some limits. This can include what students wear.

Tinker Test

Protects a students' freedom of expression in public schools

Schools can limit a students' speech or dress only if it violates rights of others or affects their education

United States Education Amendments

Legislation that affected education programs that received federal money

Included the Title IX amendment, which addressed gender discrimination issues in education

Title IX

Increased female access to classes and schools

Protected pregnant and parenting teens

Provided stricter guidelines for dealing with gender-based violence

Required athletic opportunities for women

Positive Impacts of Title IX
Increased self-esteem, level of education, professorship, and salary for women
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

Based on the Education for All Handicapped Children Act

Mandated that disabled students be given equal access to education in public schools through the use of IEPs

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act

Protects the civil rights of disabled individuals in schools and the workplace

Must have a physical or mental disability that significantly limits normal life activity(s) to qualify

A Nation at Risk: Recommendations

This report suggested that schools should use more difficult curricula, prepare teachers more effectively, tie teacher pay to student progress, and institute new standards.

Education for All Handicapped Children Act: Mandates

All children can have a free and appropriate education

Students should have the least restrictive environment

At risk students must be identified

Parents must participate

Education for All Handicapped Children Act: Mandates

All children can have a free and appropriate education

Students should have the least restrictive environment

At risk students must be identified

Parents must participate

Morrill Act of 1890

A law instituted after the Civil War. It was designed to ensure states set up colleges for people of all races and involved creating separate land-grant colleges for African Americans.

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