Employment Laws & Rights Flashcards

Employment Laws & Rights Flashcards
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Interpersonal Demands
These arise from conflicts, such as harassment, with other employees.
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Role Demands
These occur when inconsistent or confusing expectations are presented to an employee.
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Task Demands
These happen when there is a change in work responsibilities, technological changes, and time pressures.
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Physical Demands
These are needed when completing jobs that are harsh, extreme, or hazardous work environments.
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Work Demands
These include task, role, interpersonal, and physical demands.
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Fitness and Healthy Living Programs
These are programs that help employees reduce absenteeism through benefits like health checks to check vitals and fitness levels.
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Onsite Education and Training
This occurs when organizations offer employees seminars on topics of interest that will help them continue to grow and enhance their overall worth.
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Absence and Vacation Policy
This is something offered to employees that gives them more days off to maintain a work-life balance.
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Flexible Work Arrangement
This occurs when an employee is able to work a more flexible schedule than the traditional 9-5.
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Dependent Care
If an organization provides a benefit to employees for caregiving services, it is called this.
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Work-life Balance
This happens when an organization encourages employees to split their time and energy between work and other parts of their lives.
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Public Policy Exception
This exception to the employment-at-will doctrine occurs when an employee is protected from termination due to a statutory right.
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Implied Covenant Exception
This exception to the employment-at-will doctrine occurs when an employer has implied that the employee has job security.
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Contract Exception
This exception to the employment-at-will doctrine occurs when an employment relationship is governed by a contract that designates a specific length of time.
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Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set looks at employee rights, such as employment-at-will and the exceptions to this doctrine. Exceptions including contract, implied covenant, and public policy are reviewed. Additionally, work-life balance is detailed, including issues like dependent care, flexible work arrangements, absence and vacation policy, onsite education and training, and fitness and healthy living. Workplace stress is defined and various contributors, such as work, task, and home demands, are reviewed. Physiological and psychological symptoms are also touched on. Employment rights such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title VII, sexual harassment policies and affirmative action, COBRA, workers' compensation, and the ADA are defined.

Front
Back
Contract Exception
This exception to the employment-at-will doctrine occurs when an employment relationship is governed by a contract that designates a specific length of time.
Implied Covenant Exception
This exception to the employment-at-will doctrine occurs when an employer has implied that the employee has job security.
Public Policy Exception
This exception to the employment-at-will doctrine occurs when an employee is protected from termination due to a statutory right.
Work-life Balance
This happens when an organization encourages employees to split their time and energy between work and other parts of their lives.
Dependent Care
If an organization provides a benefit to employees for caregiving services, it is called this.
Flexible Work Arrangement
This occurs when an employee is able to work a more flexible schedule than the traditional 9-5.
Absence and Vacation Policy
This is something offered to employees that gives them more days off to maintain a work-life balance.
Onsite Education and Training
This occurs when organizations offer employees seminars on topics of interest that will help them continue to grow and enhance their overall worth.
Fitness and Healthy Living Programs
These are programs that help employees reduce absenteeism through benefits like health checks to check vitals and fitness levels.
Work Demands
These include task, role, interpersonal, and physical demands.
Physical Demands
These are needed when completing jobs that are harsh, extreme, or hazardous work environments.
Task Demands
These happen when there is a change in work responsibilities, technological changes, and time pressures.
Role Demands
These occur when inconsistent or confusing expectations are presented to an employee.
Interpersonal Demands
These arise from conflicts, such as harassment, with other employees.
Non-work Demands
These include home and personal demands.
Home Demands
These are stresses that result from family and child responsibilities.
Personal Demands
These are stresses placed on individuals by themselves, such as overworking or volunteer work.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Title VII of this law protects covered employees from discrimination based on race, color, religion, gender, or national origin.
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
This enforcing agency takes discrimination complaints regarding the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Sexual Harassment
This type of verbal or physical bullying occurs when someone offers unwanted sexual advances in exchange for favors.
Affirmative Action
These policies require covered companies to hire and promote a specific number of minorities.
Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)
This law requires businesses to offer their health care coverage for up to 18 months
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
This law makes it illegal for employers with 15 or more employees to discriminate against applicants and employees because of a disability.
Individual Stress
This occurs when physiological, psychological, and behavioral symptoms combine to cause an individual challenges.
Physiological Symptoms
These symptoms are related to stress and include physical illnesses such as strokes, backaches, headaches, ulcers, and heart disease.
Psychological Symptoms
These symptoms are related to stress and include mental illnesses such as burnout, rust-out, and depression.
Bona Fide Occupational Qualification
This standard is an exception to Title VII that allows an employer to make decisions based upon race, sex, and national origin.
Workers' Compensation
These state laws require that an employer compensate an employee for pay and medical expenses when injured while working.

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