Endocrine System Flashcards

Endocrine System Flashcards
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Ovaries
Sex glands in females that secrete female sex hormones and regulate the female reproductive system
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Gonads
Sex glands that release sex hormones in both men and women
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Adrenal glands
Glands that sit atop the kidneys and are composed of two parts with different functions, the cortex and the medulla
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Adrenal medulla
The inner part of the adrenal gland that is activated in response to stress
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Adrenal cortex
Part of the adrenal gland controlled by the anterior pituitary gland that control blood pressure, parts of the immune system and energy metabolism.
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Thyroid gland
A gland in the front of the neck that is controlled by the anterior pituitary gland. It controls metabolism and calcium levels in the body.
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Pituitary gland
An endocrine gland controlled by the hypothalamus that controls all other glands in the body
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Hypothalamus
A master control gland in the brain that assesses the environment and tells other glands in the body what to do
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Leptin
A hormone that is secreted when you are full and tells your body to stop eating
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Glands
Groups of cells or organs that secrete substances including hormones
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Hormone
A chemical signal produced by endocrine glands that control body function
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Endocrine system
The body system that controls functions in the body using hormones
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24 cards in set

Flashcard Content Overview

This flashcard set will walk you through the complex endocrine system of the body, which is one of the main ways the brain controls bodily functions. In this lesson we'll go over the two glands in charge of the endocrine system: the hypothalamus, and the pituitary gland (the anterior and posterior). You'll also get to practice learning the glands the pituitary controls, such as the pineal gland, thymus, and pancreas. Lastly, get help learning the difference between three major categories of hormones, steroid, anabolic, and neurohormones.

Front
Back
Endocrine system
The body system that controls functions in the body using hormones
Hormone
A chemical signal produced by endocrine glands that control body function
Glands
Groups of cells or organs that secrete substances including hormones
Leptin
A hormone that is secreted when you are full and tells your body to stop eating
Hypothalamus
A master control gland in the brain that assesses the environment and tells other glands in the body what to do
Pituitary gland
An endocrine gland controlled by the hypothalamus that controls all other glands in the body
Thyroid gland
A gland in the front of the neck that is controlled by the anterior pituitary gland. It controls metabolism and calcium levels in the body.
Adrenal cortex
Part of the adrenal gland controlled by the anterior pituitary gland that control blood pressure, parts of the immune system and energy metabolism.
Adrenal medulla
The inner part of the adrenal gland that is activated in response to stress
Adrenal glands
Glands that sit atop the kidneys and are composed of two parts with different functions, the cortex and the medulla
Gonads
Sex glands that release sex hormones in both men and women
Ovaries
Sex glands in females that secrete female sex hormones and regulate the female reproductive system
Testes
Male sex glands that secrete male sex hormones which regulate male body characteristics
Pineal gland
A gland in the brain which controls hormones released from the ovaries and our internal clock, or sleep-wake cycle
Parathyroid gland
A group of four glands within the thyroid gland that secretes the parathyroid hormone, responsible for regulating blood levels of calcium
Pancreas
A gland in the digestive system attached to the small intestine that regulates how much glucose is in your blood
Thymus
A gland that controls the development T-cells, a type of immune system cell
Steroid hormones
Hormones derived from cholesterol that contain four rings of atoms and are secreted by three endocrine organs: the testes, the ovaries, and the adrenal cortex
Anabolic steroids
Synthetic hormones that act like the male sex hormone, testosterone
Neurohormone
Hormones that are released by the nervous system and act on other endocrine glands in the body
Glands under the control of the anterior pituitary gland
Thymus, adrenal glands, gonads (sex glands)
Parathyroid Hormone (PTH)
Secreted by the parathyroid gland, this hormone controls blood calcium levels
Anterior pituitary gland
The front portion of the pituitary gland that is controlled by signals sent from the hypothalamus through a network of blood vessels
Posterior pituitary gland
The anterior (back) portion of the pituitary gland that stores hormones produced in the hypothalamus

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