Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cell Flashcards

Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Cell Flashcards
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Identify this cell, a bacteria called Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is a chronic problem in hospital settings, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Prokaryotic because all bacteria are prokaryotic
Got it
Identify this cell, Streptococcus, a bacteria, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Prokaryotic because all bacteria are prokaryotic
Got it
Identify this type of cell, a cardiomyocyte or heart cell, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because cardiomyocytes have a nucleus and are found in our body
Got it
Identify this human cell, a melanocyte which creates the pigment in our skin, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus and is part of our body
Got it
Classify this human cell, a sperm cell, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, like the mitochondria and centrioles
Got it
Classify this cell, a cell from Elodea, an aquatic plant, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because of the membrane bound organelles, as shown by the pointer
Got it
Classify these cells, onion cells, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Eukaryote because they have membrane bound organelles, like the nucleus stained dark blue in the center of the cells
Got it
Classify this cell, a neuron or brain cell, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Eukaryote because it has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Got it
Classify this cell, a photosynthetic plant cell, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Eukaryote because it has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Got it
Prokaryote
A single celled bacteria or archaea with no membrane bound organelles or nucleus
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Eukaryote
A cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles; these include human, animal, plant, and fungi cells
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Organelles
Tiny membrane bound compartments inside cells that do specific jobs; these are found in eukaryotes
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Cells
Basic units of life
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Five characteristics of all cells
DNA as genetic material, make up all living things, can reproduce to make more cells, transcribe DNA to RNA, and translate RNA to protein
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28 cards in set

Flashcard Content Summary

If you need to know more about eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, this is the flashcard set for you. Here, you'll review the differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells and practice identifying examples in plants, animals and bacteria. This set includes cells like cardiomyocytes, or heart cells; melanocytes, a type of skin cell; and neurons in your brain.

Front
Back
Five characteristics of all cells
DNA as genetic material, make up all living things, can reproduce to make more cells, transcribe DNA to RNA, and translate RNA to protein
Cells
Basic units of life
Organelles
Tiny membrane bound compartments inside cells that do specific jobs; these are found in eukaryotes
Eukaryote
A cell with a nucleus and membrane bound organelles; these include human, animal, plant, and fungi cells
Prokaryote
A single celled bacteria or archaea with no membrane bound organelles or nucleus
Classify this cell, a photosynthetic plant cell, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Eukaryote because it has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Classify this cell, a neuron or brain cell, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Eukaryote because it has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
Classify these cells, onion cells, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Eukaryote because they have membrane bound organelles, like the nucleus stained dark blue in the center of the cells
Classify this cell, a cell from Elodea, an aquatic plant, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because of the membrane bound organelles, as shown by the pointer
Classify this human cell, a sperm cell, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, like the mitochondria and centrioles
Identify this human cell, a melanocyte which creates the pigment in our skin, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus and is part of our body
Identify this type of cell, a cardiomyocyte or heart cell, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because cardiomyocytes have a nucleus and are found in our body
Identify this cell, Streptococcus, a bacteria, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Prokaryotic because all bacteria are prokaryotic
Identify this cell, a bacteria called Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), which is a chronic problem in hospital settings, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Prokaryotic because all bacteria are prokaryotic
Identify this bacterial cell, Escherichia coli, which can cause food poisoning, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Prokaryotic because all bacteria are prokaryotic
Identify this cell, a yeast cell, which can be used to bake bread and make beer, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it contains a nucleus and membrane bound organelles, like a vacuole
Identify this cell, a human B-cell which is a crucial part of our immune system, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus and all human cells are eukaryotic
Identify this cancer cell as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus and it is a human cell, which are all eukaryotic
This picture shows an endothelial cell, stained with immunofluorescence, which allows scientists to see structures inside cells. Identify this type of cell: eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus
Myoblasts are cells that eventually make up our muscle. In this picture, the myoblast nucleus is colored blue with a dye and the cytoskeleton is colored yellow. Identify this cell as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because myoblasts have a nucleus
Identify this osteoblast, a type of cell that builds bone, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it has a nucleus and is part of multicellular organisms, like humans
Identify this osteoclast, a type of cell in the human body that breaks down bone when calcium is scarce, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because all cells in the human body are eukaryotic and in the picture the cell has membrane bound organelles
Identify eosinophil cells, a type of cell that defends the body against multicellular parasites, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it is part of our body, and it has membrane bound organelles shown as small, membranous circles enclosed inside the cell
Identify a neutrophil as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Eukaryotic because it contains membrane bound organelles, like lysosomes, which are used to capture and digest bacteria in your body
Identify this bacteria, a spirochete, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Prokaryote because all bacteria are prokaryotic
Identify this bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which causes the respiratory disease tuberculosis, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
Prokaryote because all bacteria are prokaryotes
Identify this extremophile bacteria, a halobacteria which loves salty environments, as a eukaryote or prokaryote
All bacteria are prokaryotic, so these cells are prokaryotes
Identify these thermophilic bacteria, a type of cell that lives in extremely hot environments, as eukaryotic or prokaryotic
Since all bacteria are prokaryotic, these cells are also prokaryotic

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