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Flashcards - Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System

Flashcards - Alterations of the Musculoskeletal System
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meniscus
In anatomy, a meniscus is a crescent-shaped fibrocartilaginous structure that, in contrast to an articular disk, only partly divides a joint cavity
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joints
A joint or articulation is the connection made between bones in the body
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osteocyte
An osteocyte, a star-shaped type of bone cell, is the most commonly found cell in mature bone tissue, and can live as long as the organism itself
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osteoclasts
An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue
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connective tissue
Connective tissue is one of the four types of biological tissue that supports, connects or separates different types of tissues and organs in the body
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fracture
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a damage in the continuity of the bone
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ulna
The ulna is one of the two long bones in the forearm
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smooth muscle
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle
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contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
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cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle is an involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart, specifically the myocardium
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osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone
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23 cards in set
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osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone
cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle is an involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart, specifically the myocardium
contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
smooth muscle
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle
ulna
The ulna is one of the two long bones in the forearm
fracture
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a damage in the continuity of the bone
connective tissue
Connective tissue is one of the four types of biological tissue that supports, connects or separates different types of tissues and organs in the body
osteoclasts
An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue
osteocyte
An osteocyte, a star-shaped type of bone cell, is the most commonly found cell in mature bone tissue, and can live as long as the organism itself
joints
A joint or articulation is the connection made between bones in the body
meniscus
In anatomy, a meniscus is a crescent-shaped fibrocartilaginous structure that, in contrast to an articular disk, only partly divides a joint cavity
myopathies
Myopathy is a muscular disease in which the muscle fibers do not function for any one of many reasons, resulting in muscular weakness
Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a severe type of muscular dystrophy
osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone
ankylosing spondylitis
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of arthritis in which there is long term inflammation of the joints of the spine
ankylosis
Ankylosis or anchylosis is a stiffness of a joint due to abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of the joint, which may be the result of injury or disease
psoriasis
Psoriasis is a long-lasting autoimmune disease which is characterized by patches of abnormal skin
psoriatic arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that will develop in between 6 and 42% of people who have the chronic skin condition psoriasis
osteoblasts
Osteoblast are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone
rhabdomyosarcoma
Rhabdomyosarcoma, or RMS, is an aggressive and highly malignant form of cancer that develops from skeletal muscle cells that have failed to fully differentiate
Marfan syndrome
Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder of connective tissue
canaliculi
Bone canaliculi are microscopic canals between the lacunae of ossified bone
Staphylococcus aureus
Staphylococcus aureus is a gram-positive coccal bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes, and is frequently found in the nose, respiratory tract, and on the skin

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