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Flashcards - Anatomy & Exercise Physiology

Flashcards - Anatomy & Exercise Physiology
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symbiosis
Symbiosis is a close and often long-term interaction between two different biological species
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connective tissue
Connective tissue is one of the four types of biological tissue that supports, connects or separates different types of tissues and organs in the body
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axial skeleton
The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate
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appendicular skeleton
The appendicular skeleton is the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of the bones or cartilage that support the appendages
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spinal cord
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column
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central nervous system
The central nervous system is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
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brain
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals
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cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle is an involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart, specifically the myocardium
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erector spinae
The erector spinae or spinal erectors is a set of muscles that straighten and rotate the back
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contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
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biceps
In human anatomy, the biceps brachii , commonly known as the biceps, is a two-headed muscle that lies on the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow
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skeletal muscles
Skeletal muscle is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac muscle and smooth muscle
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Muscles
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals
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26 cards in set
Front
Back
Muscles
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals
skeletal muscles
Skeletal muscle is one of three major muscle types, the others being cardiac muscle and smooth muscle
biceps
In human anatomy, the biceps brachii , commonly known as the biceps, is a two-headed muscle that lies on the upper arm between the shoulder and the elbow
contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
erector spinae
The erector spinae or spinal erectors is a set of muscles that straighten and rotate the back
cardiac muscle
Cardiac muscle is an involuntary, striated muscle that is found in the walls and histological foundation of the heart, specifically the myocardium
brain
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals
central nervous system
The central nervous system is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
spinal cord
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column
appendicular skeleton
The appendicular skeleton is the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of the bones or cartilage that support the appendages
axial skeleton
The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate
connective tissue
Connective tissue is one of the four types of biological tissue that supports, connects or separates different types of tissues and organs in the body
symbiosis
Symbiosis is a close and often long-term interaction between two different biological species
glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
endocardium
The endocardium is the innermost layer of tissue that lines the chambers of the heart
ventricle
In the heart, a ventricle is one of two large chambers that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs
osteoblast
Osteoblast are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone
osteoclasts
An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue
synarthrosis
A synarthrosis is a type of joint which permits very little or no movement under normal conditions
Exercise physiology
Exercise physiology is the physiology of physical exercise
agonist
An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response
antagonist
An antagonist is a character, group of characters, institution, or concept that stands in or represents opposition against which the protagonist must contend
abdominal
The abdomen constitutes the part of the body between the thorax and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates
hamstrings
In human anatomy, a hamstring is one of the three posterior thigh muscles
aorta
The aorta is the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries
lungs
The lungs are the primary organs of respiration in humans and many other animals including a few fish and some snails

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