Flashcards - Anatomy & Physiology

Flashcards - Anatomy & Physiology
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ovum
The egg cell, or ovum, is the female reproductive cell in oogamous organisms
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ovulation
Ovulation is the release of egg from the ovaries
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uterus
The uterus or womb is a major female hormone-responsive reproductive sex organ of most mammals, including humans
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medulla
The medulla oblongata is located in the hindbrain, anterior to the cerebellum
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embryo
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism
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cervix
The cervix or cervix uteri is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system
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gametes
A gamete is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in organisms that sexually reproduce
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epididymis
The epididymis is a tube that connects a testicle to a vas deferens in the male reproductive system
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sensory neurons
Sensory neurons are nerve that transmit sensory information
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testes
The testicle is the male gonad in animals
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pituitary gland
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0
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ovaries
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
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adrenal glands
The adrenal glands are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol
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pulmonary circuit
Pulmonary circulation is the portion of the cardiovascular system which carries deoxygenated blood away from the heart, to the lungs, and returns oxygenated blood back to the heart
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blood vessels
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system that transports blood throughout the human body
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blood
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells
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respiratory system
The respiratory system is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism
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villi
Intestinal villi are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine
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organ system
A biological system is a complex network of biologically relevant entities
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organ

A core part of an organism that serves a specific and typically vital function. It is made from several different tissues that work together and is usually self-contained. For example, the heart or the lungs.

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organ

A core part of an organism that serves a specific and typically vital function. It is made from several different tissues that work together and is usually self-contained. For example, the heart or the lungs.

organ system
A biological system is a complex network of biologically relevant entities
villi
Intestinal villi are small, finger-like projections that extend into the lumen of the small intestine
respiratory system
The respiratory system is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism
blood
Blood is a body fluid in humans and other animals that delivers necessary substances such as nutrients and oxygen to the cells and transports metabolic waste products away from those same cells
blood vessels
The blood vessels are the part of the circulatory system that transports blood throughout the human body
pulmonary circuit
Pulmonary circulation is the portion of the cardiovascular system which carries deoxygenated blood away from the heart, to the lungs, and returns oxygenated blood back to the heart
adrenal glands
The adrenal glands are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol
ovaries
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
pituitary gland
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0
testes
The testicle is the male gonad in animals
sensory neurons
Sensory neurons are nerve that transmit sensory information
epididymis
The epididymis is a tube that connects a testicle to a vas deferens in the male reproductive system
gametes
A gamete is a cell that fuses with another cell during fertilization in organisms that sexually reproduce
cervix
The cervix or cervix uteri is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system
embryo
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism
medulla
The medulla oblongata is located in the hindbrain, anterior to the cerebellum
uterus
The uterus or womb is a major female hormone-responsive reproductive sex organ of most mammals, including humans
ovulation
Ovulation is the release of egg from the ovaries
ovum
The egg cell, or ovum, is the female reproductive cell in oogamous organisms
appendicular skeleton
The appendicular skeleton is the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of the bones or cartilage that support the appendages
axial skeleton
The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate
organism
In biology, an organism is any contiguous living system, such as an animal, plant, fungus, archaeon, or bacterium
gas exchange
Gas exchange is a biological process through which different gases are transferred in opposite directions across a specialized respiratory surface
endocrine glands
Endocrine glands are glands of the endocrine system that secrete their products, hormones, directly into the blood rather than through a duct
pineal gland
The pineal gland, also known as the pineal body, conarium or epiphysis cerebri, is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain
thyroid
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid /ˈθaɪrɔɪd/, is an endocrine gland in the throat, and consists of two connected lobes
central sulcus
The central sulcus is a sulcus, or fold, in the cerebral cortex in the brains of vertebrates
urethra
In anatomy, the urethra is a tube that connects the urinary bladder to the urinary meatus for the removal of fluids from the body
isthmus
An isthmus is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water that otherwise separates them
menses
Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina
dermis
The dermis or corium is a layer of skin between the epidermis and subcutaneous tissues, that primarily consists of dense irregular connective tissue and cushions the body from stress and strain
epidermis
The epidermis is the outer of the two layers that make up the skin , the inner layer being the dermis
subcutis
The subcutaneous tissue , also called the hypodermis, hypoderm , subcutis, or superficial fascia, is the lowermost layer of the integumentary system in vertebrates
osteoblast
Osteoblast are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone
osteoclasts
An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue
coronary heart disease
Coronary artery disease , also known as ischemic heart disease , is a group of diseases that includes: stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death
heart attack
Myocardial infarction or acute myocardial infarction , commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle
autonomic nervous system
The autonomic nervous system is a division of the peripheral nervous system that influences the function of internal organs
vagina
The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the cervix

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