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Flashcards - Basic Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques

Flashcards - Basic Molecular Biology Laboratory Techniques
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restriction enzyme
A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cuts DNA at or near specific recognition nucleotide sequences known as restriction sites
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antibiotic
Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections
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vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
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plasmid
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently
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host
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network
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nucleotide
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA
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DNA sequencing
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule
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DNA sequencing
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule
nucleotide
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA
host
A network host is a computer or other device connected to a computer network
plasmid
A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently
vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
antibiotic
Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections
restriction enzyme
A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cuts DNA at or near specific recognition nucleotide sequences known as restriction sites
DNA ligase
In molecular biology, DNA ligase is a specific type of enzyme, a ligase, that facilitates the joining of DNA strands together by catalyzing the formation of a phosphodiester bond
PCR primer
A primer is a short strand of RNA or DNA that serves as a starting point for DNA synthesis
multiple cloning site
A multiple cloning site , also called a polylinker, is a short segment of DNA which contains many restriction sites - a standard feature of engineered plasmids
origin of replication
The origin of replication is a particular sequence in a genome at which replication is initiated
selectable marker
A selectable marker is a gene introduced into a cell, especially a bacterium or to cells in culture, that confers a trait suitable for artificial selection
sticky end
DNA end or sticky end refers to the properties of the end of a molecule of DNA or a recombinant DNA molecule
DNA polymerase
In molecular biology, DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA

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