Flashcards - Basics of Gene Mutations

Flashcards - Basics of Gene Mutations
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transversion
Transversion, in molecular biology, refers to the substitution of a purine for a pyrimidine or vice versa, in deoxyribonucleic acid
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point mutations
A point mutation, or single base modification, is a type of mutation that causes a single nucleotide base substitution, insertion, or deletion of the genetic material, DNA or RNA
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mutation
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements
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mutation
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements
point mutations
A point mutation, or single base modification, is a type of mutation that causes a single nucleotide base substitution, insertion, or deletion of the genetic material, DNA or RNA
transversion
Transversion, in molecular biology, refers to the substitution of a purine for a pyrimidine or vice versa, in deoxyribonucleic acid
missense mutation
In genetics, a missense mutation is a point mutation in which a single nucleotide change results in a codon that codes for a different amino acid
frameshift
A frameshift mutation is a genetic mutation caused by indels of a number of nucleotides in a DNA sequence that is not divisible by three
pyrimidine
Pyrimidine is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound similar to pyridine
DNA polymerase
In molecular biology, DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides, the building blocks of DNA

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