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Flashcards - Basics of Metabolic Biochemistry

Flashcards - Basics of Metabolic Biochemistry
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pigment
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption
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photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
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ground state
The ground state of a quantum mechanical system is its lowest-energy state; the energy of the ground state is known as the zero-point energy of the system
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chlorophyll
Chlorophyll is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants
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mitochondria
The mitochondrion is a double membrane-bound organelle found in all eukaryotic organisms, although some cells in some organisms may lack them
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anaerobic cellular respiration
Anaerobic respiration is a form of respiration using electron acceptors other than oxygen
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adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
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adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
anaerobic cellular respiration
Anaerobic respiration is a form of respiration using electron acceptors other than oxygen
mitochondria
The mitochondrion is a double membrane-bound organelle found in all eukaryotic organisms, although some cells in some organisms may lack them
chlorophyll
Chlorophyll is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants
ground state
The ground state of a quantum mechanical system is its lowest-energy state; the energy of the ground state is known as the zero-point energy of the system
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
pigment
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption
light reactions
In photosynthesis, the light-dependent reactions take place on the thylakoid membranes
photolysis
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons
the reaction center
A photosynthetic reaction centre is a complex of several proteins, pigments and other co-factors that together execute the primary energy conversion reactions of photosynthesis
redox reaction
Redox is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed
pyruvate
Pyruvic acid is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group
pyruvate oxidation
Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6, into pyruvate, CH3COCOO− + H+
ATP synthase
ATP synthase is an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate
excited state
In quantum mechanics, an excited state of a system is any quantum state of the system that has a higher energy than the ground state

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