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Flashcards - Basics of Meteorology

Flashcards - Basics of Meteorology
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stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
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ionosphere
The ionosphere is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km to 1,000 km altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
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dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
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Stratus
Stratus clouds are low-level cloud characterized by horizontal layering with a uniform base, as opposed to convective or cumuliform clouds that are formed by rising thermals
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Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
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Clouds
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol comprising a visible mass of minute liquid droplets or frozen crystals, both of which are made of water or various chemicals
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photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
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photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
Clouds
In meteorology, a cloud is an aerosol comprising a visible mass of minute liquid droplets or frozen crystals, both of which are made of water or various chemicals
Humidity
Humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air
Stratus
Stratus clouds are low-level cloud characterized by horizontal layering with a uniform base, as opposed to convective or cumuliform clouds that are formed by rising thermals
dew point
Dew point is the highest temperature at which airborne water vapor will condense to form liquid dew
relative humidity
Relative humidity is the ratio of the partial pressure of water vapor to the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at a given temperature
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
ionosphere
The ionosphere is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km to 1,000 km altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere
stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
thermosphere
The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and directly below the exosphere
troposphere
The troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where all weather takes place
air
The atmosphere of Earth is the layer of gases, commonly known as air, that surrounds the planet Earth and is retained by Earth's gravity
cold front
A cold front is defined as the leading edge of a cooler mass of air, replacing at ground level a warmer mass of air, which lies within a fairly sharp surface trough of low pressure
occluded front
An occluded front is formed during the process of cyclogenesis when a cold front overtakes a warm front
stationary front
A stationary front is a pair of air masses, neither of which is strong enough to replace the other
weather fronts
A weather front is a boundary separating two masses of air of different densities, and is the principal cause of meteorological phenomena
Tornadoes
A tornado is a violently rotating column of air that rotates while in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud
floods
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry
ozone layer
The ozone layer or ozone shield is a region of Earth's stratosphere that absorbs most of the Sun's ultraviolet radiation
fog
Fog is a visible mass consisting of cloud water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface

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