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Flashcards - Biochemistry of Life

Flashcards - Biochemistry of Life
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glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
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Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
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the reaction center
A photosynthetic reaction centre is a complex of several proteins, pigments and other co-factors that together execute the primary energy conversion reactions of photosynthesis
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photolysis
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons
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light reactions
In photosynthesis, the light-dependent reactions take place on the thylakoid membranes
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pigment
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption
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photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
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ground state
The ground state of a quantum mechanical system is its lowest-energy state; the energy of the ground state is known as the zero-point energy of the system
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chlorophyll
Chlorophyll is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants
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anaerobic cellular respiration
Anaerobic respiration is a form of respiration using electron acceptors other than oxygen
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adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
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adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
anaerobic cellular respiration
Anaerobic respiration is a form of respiration using electron acceptors other than oxygen
chlorophyll
Chlorophyll is a term used for several closely related green pigments found in cyanobacteria and the chloroplasts of algae and plants
ground state
The ground state of a quantum mechanical system is its lowest-energy state; the energy of the ground state is known as the zero-point energy of the system
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
pigment
A pigment is a material that changes the color of reflected or transmitted light as the result of wavelength-selective absorption
light reactions
In photosynthesis, the light-dependent reactions take place on the thylakoid membranes
photolysis
Photodissociation, photolysis, or photodecomposition is a chemical reaction in which a chemical compound is broken down by photons
the reaction center
A photosynthetic reaction centre is a complex of several proteins, pigments and other co-factors that together execute the primary energy conversion reactions of photosynthesis
Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
active site
In biology, the active site is the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction
chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
Cofactors
A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for a protein's biological activity to happen
competitive inhibition
Competitive inhibition is a form of enzyme inhibition where binding of the inhibitor to the active site on the enzyme prevents binding of the substrate and vice versa
monosaccharides
Monosaccharides , also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates
metabolic pathway
In biochemistry, a metabolic pathway is a linked series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell
excited state
In quantum mechanics, an excited state of a system is any quantum state of the system that has a higher energy than the ground state
ATP synthase
ATP synthase is an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate
disaccharides
A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined

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