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Flashcards - Biology & Behavior in Psychology

Flashcards - Biology & Behavior in Psychology
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pituitary gland
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0
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hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
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cerebellum
The cerebellum is a region of the brain that plays an important role in motor control
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brainstem
The brainstem is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord
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spinal cord
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column
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central nervous system
The central nervous system is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
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brain
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals
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serotonin
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine is a monoamine neurotransmitter
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Dopamine
Dopamine is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body
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neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitters, also known as chemical messengers, are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission
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dendrites
A crystal dendrite is a crystal that develops with a typical multi-branching tree-like form
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axon
An axon , is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body
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nervous system
The nervous system is the part of an animal's body that coordinates its actions and transmits signals to and from different parts of its body
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endocrine system
The endocrine system refers to the collection of glands of an organism that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs
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endocrine system
The endocrine system refers to the collection of glands of an organism that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs
nervous system
The nervous system is the part of an animal's body that coordinates its actions and transmits signals to and from different parts of its body
axon
An axon , is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body
dendrites
A crystal dendrite is a crystal that develops with a typical multi-branching tree-like form
neurotransmitters
Neurotransmitters, also known as chemical messengers, are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission
Dopamine
Dopamine is an organic chemical of the catecholamine and phenethylamine families that plays several important roles in the brain and body
serotonin
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine is a monoamine neurotransmitter
brain
The brain is an organ that serves as the center of the nervous system in all vertebrate and most invertebrate animals
central nervous system
The central nervous system is the part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
spinal cord
The spinal cord is a long, thin, tubular bundle of nervous tissue and support cells that extends from the medulla oblongata in the brainstem to the lumbar region of the vertebral column
brainstem
The brainstem is the posterior part of the brain, adjoining and structurally continuous with the spinal cord
cerebellum
The cerebellum is a region of the brain that plays an important role in motor control
hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
pituitary gland
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0
temporal lobe
The temporal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals
adrenal glands
The adrenal glands are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol
ovaries
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
testes
The testicle is the male gonad in animals
endorphins
Endorphins are endogenous opioid neuropeptides in humans and other animals
amygdala
The amygdalae are two almond-shaped groups of nuclei located deep and medially within the temporal lobes of the brain in complex vertebrates, including humans
hippocampus
The hippocampus is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates
parietal lobe
The parietal lobe is one of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals
thalamus
The thalamus is a midline symmetrical structure of two halves, within the vertebrate brain, situated between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain
neuroplasticity
Neuroplasticity, also known as brain plasticity or neural plasticity, is an umbrella term that describes lasting change to the brain throughout an individual's life course
adrenaline
Epinephrine, also known as adrenalin or adrenaline, is primarily a medication and a hormone
thyroid
The thyroid gland, or simply the thyroid /ˈθaɪrɔɪd/, is an endocrine gland in the throat, and consists of two connected lobes
action potential
In physiology, an action potential is a short-lasting event in which the electrical membrane potential of a cell rapidly rises and falls, following a consistent trajectory
myelin sheath
Myelin is a fatty white substance that surrounds the axon of some nerve cells, forming an electrically insulating layer

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