Flashcards - Biology: Diseases & Prevention

Flashcards - Biology: Diseases & Prevention
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vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
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mutualism
Mutualism is the way two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other
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infection
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce
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primary disease
Preventive healthcare consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment
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acute disease
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset
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acute disease
In medicine, describing a disease as acute denotes that it is of short duration and, as a corollary of that, of recent onset
primary disease
Preventive healthcare consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment
infection
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce
mutualism
Mutualism is the way two organisms of different species exist in a relationship in which each individual benefits from the activity of the other
vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
epidemic
An epidemic is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less
pandemic
A pandemic is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide
sugar
Sugar is the generalized name for sweet, short-chain, soluble carbohydrates, many of which are used in food
fomite
A fomes or fomite is any nonliving object or substance capable of carrying infectious organisms, such as germs or parasites, and hence transferring them from one individual to another
vaccine
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease
nosocomial infection
Hospital-acquired infection - also known as nosocomial infection - is an infection that is contracted from the environment or staff of a healthcare facility

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