Flashcards - Chemical Bonding

Flashcards - Chemical Bonding
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functional group
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific groups of atoms or bonds within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules
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carboxylic acid
A carboxylic acid /ËŒkÉ‘Ë?rbÉ’kˈsɪlɪk/ is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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hydrocarbons
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon, and thus are group 14 hydrides
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alkanes
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin , is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon
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dipole
In electromagnetism, there are two kinds of dipoles: * An electric dipole is a separation of positive and negative charges
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covalent bond
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms
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Lewis dot structure
Lewis structures show each atom and its position in the structure of the molecule using its chemical symbol
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Lewis dot structure
Lewis structures show each atom and its position in the structure of the molecule using its chemical symbol
covalent bond
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms
dipole
In electromagnetism, there are two kinds of dipoles: * An electric dipole is a separation of positive and negative charges
alkanes
In organic chemistry, an alkane, or paraffin , is an acyclic saturated hydrocarbon
hydrocarbons
In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon, and thus are group 14 hydrides
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
carboxylic acid
A carboxylic acid /ËŒkÉ‘Ë?rbÉ’kˈsɪlɪk/ is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group
functional group
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific groups of atoms or bonds within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules
structural formula
The structural formula of a chemical compound is a graphic representation of the molecular structure, showing how the atoms are arranged
VSEPR theory
Valence shell electron pair repulsion theory is a model used in chemistry to predict the geometry of individual molecules from the number of electron pairs surrounding their central atoms
London dispersion force
London dispersion forces are a type of force acting between atoms and molecules
Hybridization
In chemistry, hybridisation is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in valence bond theory
metal bond
Metallic bonding arises from the electrostatic attractive force between conduction electrons and positively charged metal ions
organic compound
An organic compound is any member of a large class of gaseous, liquid, or solid chemical compounds whose molecules contain carbon
alkene
In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon-carbon double bond
isomers
An isomer is a molecule with the same molecular formula as another molecule, but with a different chemical structure
alkyl halide
The haloalkanes are a group of chemical compounds derived from alkanes containing one or more halogens

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