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Flashcards - Cognition Theories & Processes

Flashcards - Cognition Theories & Processes
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Echoic memory
Echoic memory is one of the sensory memory registers; a component of sensory memory that is specific to retaining auditory information
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you encode information in your brain for storage
Memory has the ability to encode, store and recall information
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holophrastic
Holophrasis is the prelinguistic use of a single word to express a complex idea
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semantics
Semantics is primarily the linguistic, and also philosophical study of meaning-in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics
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schema
In psychology and cognitive science, a schema describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them
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Noam Chomsky
Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist
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suffixes
In linguistics, a suffix is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word
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grammar
In linguistics, grammar is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language
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Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet was a French psychologist who invented the first practical intelligence test, the Binet-Simon scale
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Alfred Binet
Alfred Binet was a French psychologist who invented the first practical intelligence test, the Binet-Simon scale
grammar
In linguistics, grammar is the set of structural rules governing the composition of clauses, phrases, and words in any given natural language
suffixes
In linguistics, a suffix is an affix which is placed after the stem of a word
Noam Chomsky
Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist
schema
In psychology and cognitive science, a schema describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them
semantics
Semantics is primarily the linguistic, and also philosophical study of meaning-in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics
holophrastic
Holophrasis is the prelinguistic use of a single word to express a complex idea
you encode information in your brain for storage
Memory has the ability to encode, store and recall information
Echoic memory
Echoic memory is one of the sensory memory registers; a component of sensory memory that is specific to retaining auditory information
episodic memory
Episodic memory is the memory of autobiographical events that can be explicitly stated
procedural memories
Procedural memory is a type of implicit memory and long-term memory which aids the performance of particular types of tasks without conscious awareness of these previous experiences
visual memory
Visual memory describes the relationship between perceptual processing and the encoding, storage and retrieval of the resulting neural representations
chunking
Chunking in psychology is a process by which individual pieces of information are bound together into a meaningful whole
choice-supportive bias
In cognitive science, choice-supportive bias is the tendency to retroactively ascribe positive attributes to an option one has selected
misinformation effect
The misinformation effect happens when a person's recall of episodic memories becomes less accurate because of post-event information
Flynn effect
The Flynn effect is the substantial and long-sustained increase in both fluid and crystallized intelligence test scores measured in many parts of the world from roughly 1930 to the present day
long-term memory
Long-term memory is the final stage of the dual memory model proposed in the Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model, in which information can be stored for long periods of time
Hermann Ebbinghaus
Hermann Ebbinghaus was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect

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