Flashcards - Cognitive Influences on Learning

Flashcards - Cognitive Influences on Learning
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short-term memory
Short-term memory is the capacity for holding, but not manipulating, a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time
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similarity
Two geometrical objects are called similar if they both have the same shape, or one has the same shape as the mirror image of the other
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problem-solving
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, for finding solutions to problems
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algorithm
what is algorithm: \"A process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer\"
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schemata
In psychology and cognitive science, a schema describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them
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mnemonic device
A mnemonic device, or memory device is any learning technique that aids information retention in the human memory
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sensation
In psychology, sensation and perception are stages of processing of the senses in human and animal systems, such as vision, auditory, vestibular, and pain senses
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sensation
In psychology, sensation and perception are stages of processing of the senses in human and animal systems, such as vision, auditory, vestibular, and pain senses
mnemonic device
A mnemonic device, or memory device is any learning technique that aids information retention in the human memory
schemata
In psychology and cognitive science, a schema describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them
algorithm
what is algorithm: \"A process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations, especially by a computer\"
problem-solving
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, for finding solutions to problems
similarity
Two geometrical objects are called similar if they both have the same shape, or one has the same shape as the mirror image of the other
short-term memory
Short-term memory is the capacity for holding, but not manipulating, a small amount of information in mind in an active, readily available state for a short period of time
Echoic memory
Echoic memory is one of the sensory memory registers; a component of sensory memory that is specific to retaining auditory information
episodic memory
Episodic memory is the memory of autobiographical events that can be explicitly stated
procedural memories
Procedural memory is a type of implicit memory and long-term memory which aids the performance of particular types of tasks without conscious awareness of these previous experiences
visual memory
Visual memory describes the relationship between perceptual processing and the encoding, storage and retrieval of the resulting neural representations
serial position
Serial position effect is the tendency of a person to recall the first and last items in a series best, and the middle items worst
brainstorming
Brainstorming is a group creativity technique by which efforts are made to find a conclusion for a specific problem by gathering a list of ideas spontaneously contributed by its members
functional fixedness
Functional fixedness is a cognitive bias that limits a person to using an object only in the way it is traditionally used
long-term memory
Long-term memory is the final stage of the dual memory model proposed in the Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model, in which information can be stored for long periods of time

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