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Flashcards - Common Human Disorders

Flashcards - Common Human Disorders
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Diabetes mellitus type 1
Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced
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abstinence
Abstinence is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure
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syphilis
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum
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influenza virus
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus
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insulin
Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets, and by the Brockmann body in some teleost fish
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hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma
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antibiotics
Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections
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immune system
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease
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autoimmune disease
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part
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asthma
Asthma is a common long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs
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common cold
Common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose
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common cold
Common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose
asthma
Asthma is a common long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs
autoimmune disease
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part
immune system
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease
antibiotics
Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections
hyperglycemia
Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma
insulin
Insulin is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets, and by the Brockmann body in some teleost fish
influenza virus
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus
syphilis
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum
abstinence
Abstinence is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure
Diabetes mellitus type 1
Diabetes mellitus type 1 is a form of diabetes mellitus in which not enough insulin is produced
Hba1c
Glycated hemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the three-month average plasma glucose concentration
Tay-Sachs disease
Tay–Sachs disease is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder
osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is a type of joint disease that results from breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone
allergens
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body
multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged
myasthenia gravis
Myasthenia gravis is a long term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of muscle weakness
systemic lupus erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus , also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body"™s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body
glycosuria
Glycosuria or glucosuria is the excretion of glucose into the urine
ketoacidosis
Ketoacidosis is a metabolic state associated with high concentrations of ketone bodies, formed by the breakdown of fatty acids and the deamination of amino acids
cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine
Down syndrome
Down syndrome , also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all, or part of a third copy of chromosome 21

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