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Flashcards - Concepts & Relationships Between Energy & Matter

Flashcards - Concepts & Relationships Between Energy & Matter
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In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force
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Melting
Melting, or fusion, is a physical process that results in the phase transition of a substance from a solid to a liquid
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Deposition
In the law of the United States, a deposition is the out-of-court oral testimony of a witness that is reduced to writing for later use in court or for discovery purposes
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solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
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mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
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element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
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compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
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mechanical energy
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy
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electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic radiation is the radiant energy released by certain electromagnetic processes
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potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
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kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
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chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
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system
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole
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Energy
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms
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Energy
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms
system
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole
chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic radiation is the radiant energy released by certain electromagnetic processes
mechanical energy
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy
compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
Deposition
In the law of the United States, a deposition is the out-of-court oral testimony of a witness that is reduced to writing for later use in court or for discovery purposes
Melting
Melting, or fusion, is a physical process that results in the phase transition of a substance from a solid to a liquid
work
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force
energy transformation
Energy transformation or energy conversion is the process of changing one form of energy to another form of energy
exothermic reaction
An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases energy by light or heat
nuclear fission
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts
Physical properties
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system
gas
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter
liquid
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a constant volume independent of pressure
Ionization
Ionization is the process by which an atom or a molecule acquires a negative or positive charge by gaining or losing electrons to form ions, often in conjunction with other chemical changes
Fahrenheit
Fahrenheit is a temperature scale based on one proposed in 1724 by the physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit , after whom the scale is named
absolute zero
Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reaches its minimum value, taken as 0
fusion
In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles
phase change
The term phase transition is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma
Amorphous solids
In condensed matter physics and materials science, an amorphous or non-crystalline solid is a solid that lacks the long-range order characteristic of a crystal
Celsius scale
Celsius, also known as centigrade, is a scale and unit of measurement for temperature
conductors
In physics and electrical engineering, a conductor is an object or type of material that allows the flow of an electrical current in one or more directions

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