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Flashcards - Connection Between Matter & Energy

Flashcards - Connection Between Matter & Energy
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gravitational field
In physics, a gravitational field is a model used to explain the influence that a massive body extends into the space around itself, producing a force on another massive body
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chemical
A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties
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specific heat capacity
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to an object to the resulting temperature change
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Thermal energy
In thermodynamics, thermal energy refers to the internal energy present in a system due to its temperature
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solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
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mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
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element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
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compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
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mechanical energy
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy
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electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic radiation is the radiant energy released by certain electromagnetic processes
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potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
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kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
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chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
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heat
In physics, heat is energy that spontaneously passes between a system and its surroundings in some way other than through work or the transfer of matter
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system
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole
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Energy
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms
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32 cards in set
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Energy
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms
system
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole
heat
In physics, heat is energy that spontaneously passes between a system and its surroundings in some way other than through work or the transfer of matter
chemical reaction
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another
kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
electromagnetic radiation
Electromagnetic radiation is the radiant energy released by certain electromagnetic processes
mechanical energy
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy
compound
A chemical compound is an entity consisting of two or more atoms, at least two from different elements, which associate via chemical bonds
element
In mathematics, an element, or member, of a set is any one of the distinct objects that make up that set
mixture
In chemistry, a mixture is a material system made up of two or more different substances which are mixed but are not combined chemically
solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
Thermal energy
In thermodynamics, thermal energy refers to the internal energy present in a system due to its temperature
specific heat capacity
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to an object to the resulting temperature change
chemical
A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties
gravitational field
In physics, a gravitational field is a model used to explain the influence that a massive body extends into the space around itself, producing a force on another massive body
photons
A photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of all forms of electromagnetic radiation including light
work
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force
energy transformation
Energy transformation or energy conversion is the process of changing one form of energy to another form of energy
exothermic reaction
An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases energy by light or heat
nuclear fission
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts
Physical properties
A physical property is any property that is measurable, whose value describes a state of a physical system
gas
Gas is one of the four fundamental states of matter
liquid
A liquid is a nearly incompressible fluid that conforms to the shape of its container but retains a constant volume independent of pressure
absolute zero
Absolute zero is the lower limit of the thermodynamic temperature scale, a state at which the enthalpy and entropy of a cooled ideal gas reaches its minimum value, taken as 0
geothermal
Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth
fusion
In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles
phase change
The term phase transition is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma
Celsius scale
Celsius, also known as centigrade, is a scale and unit of measurement for temperature
conductors
In physics and electrical engineering, a conductor is an object or type of material that allows the flow of an electrical current in one or more directions
Convection
Convection is the movement of groups of molecules within fluids such as liquids or gases, and within rheids
Radiation
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium

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