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Flashcards - CSET English: Grammar and Usage

Flashcards - CSET English: Grammar and Usage
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dependent clause
A dependent clause is a clause that provides an independent clause with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence
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semicolon
The semicolon or semi-colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements
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colon
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line
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phrase
In everyday speech, a phrase may be any group of words, often carrying a special idiomatic meaning; in this sense it is roughly synonymous with expression
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independent clause
An independent clause is a clause that can stand by itself as a simple sentence
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conjunction
In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, sentences, phrases, or clauses
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clause
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition
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noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
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antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
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future tense
In grammar, a future tense is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future
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verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
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subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
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pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
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pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
future tense
In grammar, a future tense is a verb form that generally marks the event described by the verb as not having happened yet, but expected to happen in the future
antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
clause
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition
conjunction
In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, sentences, phrases, or clauses
independent clause
An independent clause is a clause that can stand by itself as a simple sentence
phrase
In everyday speech, a phrase may be any group of words, often carrying a special idiomatic meaning; in this sense it is roughly synonymous with expression
colon
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line
semicolon
The semicolon or semi-colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements
dependent clause
A dependent clause is a clause that provides an independent clause with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence
intransitive phrasal verb
In grammar, an intransitive verb does not allow an object
capitalization
Capitalization, or capitalisation, is writing a word with its first letter as a capital letter and the remaining letters in lower case in writing systems with a case distinction
homonyms
In linguistics, a homonym is one of a group of words that share the same pronunciation but have different meanings, whether spelled the same or not
past tense
The past tense is a grammatical tense whose principal function is to place an action or situation in past time
present perfect tense
The present perfect is a grammatical combination of the present tense and the perfect aspect that is used to express a past event that has present consequences
indefinite pronoun
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to non-specific beings, objects, or places
personal pronoun
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person , second person , or third person
conjunctive adverb
A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that connects two independent clauses
modifier
In grammar, a modifier is an optional element in phrase structure or clause structure
phrasal verb
The term phrasal verb is commonly applied to two or three distinct but related constructions in English: a verb and a particle and/or a preposition co-occur forming a single semantic unit
homographs
A homograph is a word that shares the same written form as another word but has a different meaning
compound subjects
A compound subject is two or more individual noun phrases coordinated to form a single, longer noun phrase
adverb clauses
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
homophones
A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning, and may differ in spelling

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