Flashcards - CSET English: Grammatical Structures

Flashcards - CSET English: Grammatical Structures
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conjunction
In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, sentences, phrases, or clauses
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clause
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition
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subject pronoun
In linguistics, a subject pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used as the subject of a verb
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pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
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object pronoun
In linguistics, an object pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used typically as a grammatical object: the direct or indirect object of a verb, or the object of a preposition
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semicolon
The semicolon or semi-colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements
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colon
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line
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verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
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subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
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dependent clause
A dependent clause is a clause that provides an independent clause with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence
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dependent clause
A dependent clause is a clause that provides an independent clause with additional information, but which cannot stand alone as a sentence
subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
colon
The colon is a punctuation mark consisting of two equally sized dots centered on the same vertical line
semicolon
The semicolon or semi-colon is a punctuation mark that separates major sentence elements
object pronoun
In linguistics, an object pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used typically as a grammatical object: the direct or indirect object of a verb, or the object of a preposition
pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
subject pronoun
In linguistics, a subject pronoun is a personal pronoun that is used as the subject of a verb
clause
In grammar, a clause is the smallest grammatical unit that can express a complete proposition
conjunction
In grammar, a conjunction is a part of speech that connects words, sentences, phrases, or clauses
independent clause
An independent clause is a clause that can stand by itself as a simple sentence
phrase
In everyday speech, a phrase may be any group of words, often carrying a special idiomatic meaning; in this sense it is roughly synonymous with expression
intransitive phrasal verb
In grammar, an intransitive verb does not allow an object
conjunctive adverb
A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that connects two independent clauses
collective nouns
In linguistics, a collective noun is a word which refers to a collection of things taken as a whole
modifier
In grammar, a modifier is an optional element in phrase structure or clause structure
Relative pronouns
A relative pronoun marks a relative clause; it has the same referent in the main clause of a sentence that the relative modifies
phrasal verb
The term phrasal verb is commonly applied to two or three distinct but related constructions in English: a verb and a particle and/or a preposition co-occur forming a single semantic unit
adverb clauses
An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that functions as an adverb; that is, the entire clause modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb
serial comma
In English language punctuation, a serial comma or series comma is a comma placed immediately before the coordinating conjunction in a series of three or more terms

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