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Flashcards - CSET English: Parts of Speech & Sentence Structure

Flashcards - CSET English: Parts of Speech & Sentence Structure
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adjective
In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified
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action verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
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antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
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object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
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contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
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apostrophe
The apostrophe character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets
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subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
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pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
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noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
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noun
A noun is a word that functions as the name of some specific thing or set of things, such as living creatures, objects, places, actions, qualities, states of existence, or ideas
pronoun
In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase
subject
The subject in a simple English sentence such as John runs, John is a teacher, or John was hit by a car is the person or thing about whom the statement is made, in this case 'John'
apostrophe
The apostrophe character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets
contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
object
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
antecedent
In grammar, an antecedent is an expression that gives its meaning to a pro-form
action verb
A verb, from the Latin verbum meaning word, is a word that in syntax conveys an action , an occurrence , or a state of being
adjective
In linguistics, an adjective is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified
adverb
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence
article
An article is a word that is used alongside a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun
compound subject
A compound subject is two or more individual noun phrases coordinated to form a single, longer noun phrase
part of speech
A part of speech is a category of words which have similar grammatical properties
plural
The plural , in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical category of number
personal pronoun
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person – first person , second person , or third person
Indefinite pronouns
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun that refers to non-specific beings, objects, or places
auxiliary verb
An auxiliary verb is a verb that adds functional or grammatical meaning to the clause in which it appears, such as to express tense, aspect, modality, voice, emphasis, etc
collective noun
In linguistics, a collective noun is a word which refers to a collection of things taken as a whole
contraction
A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters and sounds

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