Flashcards - Cycles and Layers of the Earth

Flashcards - Cycles and Layers of the Earth
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lithosphere
A lithosphere is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet or natural satellite that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties
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hot spots
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle
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aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
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greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
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atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
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mineral
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound
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weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
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faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
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faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
mineral
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
hot spots
In geology, the places known as hotspots or hot spots are volcanic regions thought to be fed by underlying mantle that is anomalously hot compared with the surrounding mantle
lithosphere
A lithosphere is the rigid, outermost shell of a terrestrial-type planet or natural satellite that is defined by its rigid mechanical properties
unconformities
An unconformity is a buried erosional or non-depositional surface separating two rock masses or strata of different ages, indicating that sediment deposition was not continuous
Detrital
Detritus is particles of rock derived from pre-existing rock through processes of weathering and erosion
sedimentary rocks

Sedimentary rocks are types of rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water

rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
Irrigation water
Irrigation is the method in which water is supplied to plants at regular intervals for agriculture
Surface waters
Surface water is water on the surface of the planet such as in a river, lake, wetland, or ocean
reservoirs
A reservoir is a storage space for fluids
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location
metamorphic
Metamorphic rocks arise from the transformation of existing rock types, in a process called metamorphism, which means "change in form"

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