Flashcards - Disorders of the Immune System

Flashcards - Disorders of the Immune System
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multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged
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immune complexes
An immune complex, sometimes called an antigen-antibody complex, is a molecule formed from the integral binding of an antibody to a soluble antigen
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type II hypersensitivity
In type II hypersensitivity the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces
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myasthenia gravis
Myasthenia gravis is a long term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of muscle weakness
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autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia occurs when antibodies directed against the person's own red blood cells cause them to burst , leading to insufficient plasma concentration
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Type I hypersensitivity
Type I hypersensitivity is an allergic reaction provoked by reexposure to a specific type of antigen referred to as an allergen
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mast cells
A mast cell is a type of white blood cell
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mast cells
A mast cell is a type of white blood cell
Type I hypersensitivity
Type I hypersensitivity is an allergic reaction provoked by reexposure to a specific type of antigen referred to as an allergen
autoimmune hemolytic anemia
Autoimmune hemolytic anemia occurs when antibodies directed against the person's own red blood cells cause them to burst , leading to insufficient plasma concentration
myasthenia gravis
Myasthenia gravis is a long term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of muscle weakness
type II hypersensitivity
In type II hypersensitivity the antibodies produced by the immune response bind to antigens on the patient's own cell surfaces
immune complexes
An immune complex, sometimes called an antigen-antibody complex, is a molecule formed from the integral binding of an antibody to a soluble antigen
multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged
type IV hypersensitivity
Type 4 hypersensitivity is often called delayed type hypersensitivity as the reaction takes two to three days to develop
Degranulation
Degranulation is a cellular process that releases antimicrobial cytotoxic or other molecules from secretory vesicles called granules found inside some cells
hypersensitivity reaction
Hypersensitivity is a set of undesirable reactions produced by the normal immune system, including allergies and autoimmunity
Serum sickness
Serum sickness in humans is a reaction to proteins in antiserum derived from a non-human animal source, occurring 4-10 days after exposure
systemic lupus erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus , also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body"™s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body
atopic eczema
Atopic dermatitis , also known as atopic eczema, is a type of inflammation of the skin
allergens
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body

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