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Flashcards - Earth's Bodies of Water

Flashcards - Earth's Bodies of Water
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subsidence
Subsidence is the motion of a surface as it shifts downward relative to a datum such as sea-level
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atoll
An atoll , sometimes called a coral atoll, is a ring-shaped coral reef including a coral rim that encircles a lagoon partially or completely
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high tide
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of the Earth
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
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Glaciers
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries
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estuary
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea
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Thermohaline circulation
Thermohaline circulation is a part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by global density gradients created by surface heat and freshwater fluxes
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tsunami
A tsunami , also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake
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pelagic zone
Any water in a sea or lake that is neither close to the bottom nor near the shore can be said to be in the pelagic zone
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pelagic zone
Any water in a sea or lake that is neither close to the bottom nor near the shore can be said to be in the pelagic zone
tsunami
A tsunami , also known as a seismic sea wave, is a series of waves in a water body caused by the displacement of a large volume of water, generally in an ocean or a large lake
Thermohaline circulation
Thermohaline circulation is a part of the large-scale ocean circulation that is driven by global density gradients created by surface heat and freshwater fluxes
estuary
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea
Glaciers
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation over many years, often centuries
aquifers
An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock, rock fractures or unconsolidated materials from which groundwater can be extracted using a water well
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
high tide
Tides are the rise and fall of sea levels caused by the combined effects of the gravitational forces exerted by the Moon and the Sun and the rotation of the Earth
atoll
An atoll , sometimes called a coral atoll, is a ring-shaped coral reef including a coral rim that encircles a lagoon partially or completely
subsidence
Subsidence is the motion of a surface as it shifts downward relative to a datum such as sea-level
firn
Firn is partially compacted névé, a type of snow that has been left over from past seasons and has been recrystallized into a substance denser than névé
Ice caps
An ice cap is an ice mass that covers less than 50,000 km² of land area
Icebergs
An iceberg or ice mountain is a large piece of freshwater ice that has broken off a glacier or an ice shelf and is floating freely in open water
meanders
A meander, in general, is a bend in a sinuous watercourse or river
river
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river
pond
A pond is a body of standing water, either natural or artificial, that is usually smaller than a lake
sinkhole
A sinkhole, also known as a cenote, sink, sink-hole, shakehole, swallet, swallow hole, or doline , is a depression or hole in the ground caused by some form of collapse of the surface layer
water table
The water table is the surface where the water pressure head is equal to the atmospheric pressure
benthic zone
The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest level of a body of water such as an ocean or a lake, including the sediment surface and some sub-surface layers
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location

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