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Flashcards - Earth's Surface Materials

Flashcards - Earth's Surface Materials
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contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
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chemical
A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties
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acid rain
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it possesses elevated levels of hydrogen ions
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weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
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solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
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mineral
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound
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metallic luster
Lustre or luster is the way light interacts with the surface of a crystal, rock, or mineral
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Hardness
Hardness is a measure of how resistant solid matter is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied
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crystalline structure
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material
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color
Color or colour is the visual perceptual property corresponding in humans to the categories called red, blue, yellow, etc
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color
Color or colour is the visual perceptual property corresponding in humans to the categories called red, blue, yellow, etc
crystalline structure
In crystallography, crystal structure is a description of the ordered arrangement of atoms, ions or molecules in a crystalline material
Hardness
Hardness is a measure of how resistant solid matter is to various kinds of permanent shape change when a compressive force is applied
metallic luster
Lustre or luster is the way light interacts with the surface of a crystal, rock, or mineral
mineral
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound
solid
Solid is one of the four fundamental states of matter
weathering
Weathering is the breaking down of rocks, soil and minerals as well as wood and artificial materials through contact with the Earth's atmosphere, waters and biological organisms
acid rain
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation that is unusually acidic, meaning that it possesses elevated levels of hydrogen ions
chemical
A chemical substance is a form of matter that has constant chemical composition and characteristic properties
contract
A contract is a voluntary arrangement between two or more parties that is enforceable at law as a binding legal agreement
climate
Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval
permeability
In electromagnetism, permeability is the measure of the ability of a material to support the formation of a magnetic field within itself
Deposition
In the law of the United States, a deposition is the out-of-court oral testimony of a witness that is reduced to writing for later use in court or for discovery purposes
evaporate
Evaporation is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase that is not saturated with the evaporating substance
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
rock cycle
The rock cycle is a basic concept in geology that describes the time-consuming transitions through geologic time among the three main rock types: sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous
moraine
A moraine is any glacially formed accumulation of unconsolidated glacial debris that occurs in both currently and formerly glaciated regions on Earth , through geomorphological processes
topography
Topography is the study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects including planets, moons, and asteroids
porosity
Porosity or void fraction is a measure of the void spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume, between 0 and 1, or as a percentage between 0 and 100%
ore
An ore is a type of rock that contains sufficient minerals with important elements including metals that can be economically extracted from the rock
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location

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