Flashcards - Energy Production & Natural Resource Management

Flashcards - Energy Production & Natural Resource Management
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radioactive decay
Radioactive decay is the process by which the nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting radiation, including alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, and conversion electrons
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Nuclear power
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant
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Geothermal energy
Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth
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Coal
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams
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sustainable ecosystem
In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely
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populations
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
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populations
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
sustainable ecosystem
In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely
Coal
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams
Geothermal energy
Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth
Nuclear power
Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power plant
radioactive decay
Radioactive decay is the process by which the nucleus of an unstable atom loses energy by emitting radiation, including alpha particles, beta particles, gamma rays, and conversion electrons
acid mine drainage
Acid mine drainage, acid and metalliferous drainage , or acid rock drainage refers to the outflow of acidic water from metal mines or coal mines
longwall mining
Longwall mining is a form of underground coal mining where a long wall of coal is mined in a single slice
Surface mining
Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit are removed
fragmentation
Fragmentation or clonal fragmentation in multicellular or colonial organisms is a form of asexual reproduction or cloning in which an organism is split into fragments
keystone species
A keystone species is a species that has a disproportionately large effect on its environment relative to its abundance
minerals
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound

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