Flashcards - Enzymes and Metabolism for the MCAT: Help and Review

Flashcards - Enzymes and Metabolism for the MCAT: Help and Review
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carbohydrate
A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon , hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usually with a hydrogen-oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 ; in other words, with the empirical formula Cmn
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opioid
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects
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adenylyl cyclase
Adenylyl cyclase is an enzyme with key regulatory roles in essentially all cells
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ATP synthase
ATP synthase is an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate
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Allosteric enzyme regulation
In biochemistry, allosteric regulation is the regulation of a protein by binding an effector molecule at a site other than the enzyme's active site
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Allosteric enzyme regulation
In biochemistry, allosteric regulation is the regulation of a protein by binding an effector molecule at a site other than the enzyme's active site
ATP synthase
ATP synthase is an important enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate
adenylyl cyclase
Adenylyl cyclase is an enzyme with key regulatory roles in essentially all cells
opioid
Opioids are substances that act on opioid receptors to produce morphine-like effects
carbohydrate
A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon , hydrogen and oxygen atoms, usually with a hydrogen-oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 ; in other words, with the empirical formula Cmn
disaccharide
A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined
gluconeogenesis
Gluconeogenesis is a metabolic pathway that results in the generation of glucose from certain non-carbohydrate carbon substrates
glycogenesis
Glycogenesis is the process of glycogen synthesis, in which glucose molecules are added to chains of glycogen for storage
glycogenolysis
Glycogenolysis is the breakdown of glycogen to glucose-6-phosphate and glycogen
nucleotides
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomers, or subunits, of nucleic acids like DNA and RNA

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