Flashcards - Female Reproductive System

Flashcards - Female Reproductive System
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follicular phase
The follicular phase is the phase of the estrous cycle, during which follicles in the ovary mature
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ovulation
Ovulation is the release of egg from the ovaries
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ovarian cycle
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible
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hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
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corpus luteum
The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine structure in female ovaries that is involved in the production of relatively high levels of progesterone and moderate levels of estradiol and inhibin A
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myometrium
The myometrium is the middle layer of the uterine wall, consisting mainly of uterine smooth muscle cells , but also of supporting stromal and vascular tissue
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endometrium
The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus
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uterus
The uterus or womb is a major female hormone-responsive reproductive sex organ of most mammals, including humans
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ovaries
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
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medulla
The medulla oblongata is located in the hindbrain, anterior to the cerebellum
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embryo
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism
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cervix
The cervix or cervix uteri is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system
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cervix
The cervix or cervix uteri is the lower part of the uterus in the human female reproductive system
embryo
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism
medulla
The medulla oblongata is located in the hindbrain, anterior to the cerebellum
ovaries
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
uterus
The uterus or womb is a major female hormone-responsive reproductive sex organ of most mammals, including humans
endometrium
The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus
myometrium
The myometrium is the middle layer of the uterine wall, consisting mainly of uterine smooth muscle cells , but also of supporting stromal and vascular tissue
corpus luteum
The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine structure in female ovaries that is involved in the production of relatively high levels of progesterone and moderate levels of estradiol and inhibin A
hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
ovarian cycle
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible
ovulation
Ovulation is the release of egg from the ovaries
follicular phase
The follicular phase is the phase of the estrous cycle, during which follicles in the ovary mature
menstruation
Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina
Estrogen
Estrogen or oestrogen is the primary female sex hormone
zona pellucida
The zona pellucida is a glycoprotein layer surrounding the plasma membrane of mammalian oocytes
isthmus
An isthmus is a narrow piece of land connecting two larger areas across an expanse of water that otherwise separates them
clitoris
The clitoris is a female sex organ present in mammals, ostriches and a limited number of
vulva
The vulva consists of the external genital organs of a woman
anterior pituitary
A major organ of the endocrine system, the anterior pituitary , is the glandular, anterior lobe that together with the posterior lobe makes up the pituitary gland
gonadotropin
Gonadotropins are glycoprotein polypeptide hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the anterior pituitary of vertebrates
HPG axis
The hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis refers to the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonadal glands as if these individual endocrine glands were a single entity
pituitary
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0
uterine glands
Tube-like uterine glands, lined by ciliated columnar epithelium, are found in the functional layer of the uterine endometrium
vagina
The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the cervix
puberty
Puberty is the process of physical changes through which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction

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