# Flashcards - FTCE: Data Analysis

Flashcards - FTCE: Data Analysis
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range
In arithmetic, the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
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outlier
In statistics, an outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations
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mode
The mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data
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median
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half
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mean
In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context
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scatter plot
A scatter plot is a type of plot or mathematical diagram using Cartesian coordinates to display values for typically two variables for a set of data
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line graph
In the mathematical discipline of graph theory, the line graph of an undirected graph G is another graph L that represents the adjacencies between edges of G
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histogram
A histogram is a graphical representation of the distribution of numerical data
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continuous
In mathematics, a continuous function is, roughly speaking, a function for which sufficiently small changes in the input result in arbitrarily small changes in the output
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bar graph
A bar chart or bar graph is a chart that presents grouped data with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent
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bar graph
A bar chart or bar graph is a chart that presents grouped data with rectangular bars with lengths proportional to the values that they represent
continuous
In mathematics, a continuous function is, roughly speaking, a function for which sufficiently small changes in the input result in arbitrarily small changes in the output
histogram
A histogram is a graphical representation of the distribution of numerical data
line graph
In the mathematical discipline of graph theory, the line graph of an undirected graph G is another graph L that represents the adjacencies between edges of G
scatter plot
A scatter plot is a type of plot or mathematical diagram using Cartesian coordinates to display values for typically two variables for a set of data
mean
In mathematics, mean has several different definitions depending on the context
median
The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half
mode
The mode is the value that appears most often in a set of data
outlier
In statistics, an outlier is an observation point that is distant from other observations
range
In arithmetic, the range of a set of data is the difference between the largest and smallest values
standard deviation
In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure that is used to quantify the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values
pictograph
A pictogram, also called a pictogramme, pictograph, or simply picto, and in computer usage an icon, is an ideogram that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object
experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
bias
Bias is an inclination or outlook to present or hold a partial perspective, often accompanied by a refusal to consider the possible merits of alternative points of view
pie chart
A pie chart is a circular statistical graphic, which is divided into slices to illustrate numerical proportion
Quantitative data
In natural sciences and social sciences, quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques
reverse causation
Retrocausality is any of several hypothetical phenomena or processes that reverse causality, allowing an effect to occur before its cause
bimodal
In statistics, a bimodal distribution is a continuous probability distribution with two different modes
causation
Causation is the "causal relationship between conduct and result"
sample size
Sample size determination is the act of choosing the number of observations or replicates to include in a statistical sample
graphs
In mathematics, and more specifically in graph theory, a graph is a structure amounting to a set of objects in which some pairs of the objects are in some sense "related

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