# Flashcards - FTCE Math: Overview of Statistics

Flashcards - FTCE Math: Overview of Statistics
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resources
A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced
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Convenience sampling
Convenience sampling is a type of non-probability sampling that involves the sample being drawn from that part of the population that is close to hand
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bias
Bias is an inclination or outlook to present or hold a partial perspective, often accompanied by a refusal to consider the possible merits of alternative points of view
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experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
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continuous
In mathematics, a continuous function is, roughly speaking, a function for which sufficiently small changes in the input result in arbitrarily small changes in the output
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parameter
A parameter , generally, is any characteristic that can help in defining or classifying a particular system
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population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
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sample
In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure
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sample
In statistics and quantitative research methodology, a data sample is a set of data collected and/or selected from a statistical population by a defined procedure
population
A population is a summation of all the organisms of the same group or species, which live in a particular geographical area, and have the capability of interbreeding
parameter
A parameter , generally, is any characteristic that can help in defining or classifying a particular system
continuous
In mathematics, a continuous function is, roughly speaking, a function for which sufficiently small changes in the input result in arbitrarily small changes in the output
experiment
An experiment is a procedure carried out to support, refute, or validate a hypothesis
bias
Bias is an inclination or outlook to present or hold a partial perspective, often accompanied by a refusal to consider the possible merits of alternative points of view
Convenience sampling
Convenience sampling is a type of non-probability sampling that involves the sample being drawn from that part of the population that is close to hand
resources
A resource is a source or supply from which benefit is produced
type I error
In statistical hypothesis testing, a type I error is the incorrect rejection of a true null hypothesis , while a type II error is incorrectly retaining a false null hypothesis
statistic
Statistics is the study of the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data
Quantitative data
In natural sciences and social sciences, quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of observable phenomena via statistical, mathematical or computational techniques
Internal validity
In scientific research, internal validity is the extent to which a causal conclusion based on a study is warranted, which is determined by the degree to which a study minimizes systematic error
data
Data is a set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables
speed
In everyday use and in kinematics, the speed of an object is the magnitude of its velocity ; it is thus a scalar quantity
Blinding
A blind - or blinded - experiment is an experiment in which information about the test is masked from the participant, to reduce or eliminate bias, until after a trial outcome is known
Statistically significant
In statistical hypothesis testing, statistical significance is attained whenever the observed p-value of a test statistic is less than the significance level defined for the study

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