Flashcards - Functions of the Cardiorespiratory System

Flashcards - Functions of the Cardiorespiratory System
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respiratory system
The respiratory system is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism
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pulmonary circuit
Pulmonary circulation is the portion of the cardiovascular system which carries deoxygenated blood away from the heart, to the lungs, and returns oxygenated blood back to the heart
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pulmonary veins
The pulmonary veins are large blood vessels that receive oxygenated blood from the lungs and drain into the left atrium of the heart
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lymph nodes
A lymph node is an oval- or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, present widely throughout the body including the armpit and stomach and linked by lymphatic vessels
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lymph
Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system
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capillaries
Capillaries are the smallest of a body's blood vessels that make up the microcirculation
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angiogenesis
Angiogenesis is the physiological process through which new blood vessels form from pre-existing vessels
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gastrovascular cavity
The gastrovascular cavity is the primary organ of digestion and circulation in two major animal phyla: the Cnidaria and Platyhelminthes
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cnidarians
Cnidaria is a phylum containing over 10,000 species of animals found exclusively in aquatic environments: they are predominantly marine species
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cnidarians
Cnidaria is a phylum containing over 10,000 species of animals found exclusively in aquatic environments: they are predominantly marine species
gastrovascular cavity
The gastrovascular cavity is the primary organ of digestion and circulation in two major animal phyla: the Cnidaria and Platyhelminthes
angiogenesis
Angiogenesis is the physiological process through which new blood vessels form from pre-existing vessels
capillaries
Capillaries are the smallest of a body's blood vessels that make up the microcirculation
lymph
Lymph is the fluid that circulates throughout the lymphatic system
lymph nodes
A lymph node is an oval- or kidney-shaped organ of the lymphatic system, present widely throughout the body including the armpit and stomach and linked by lymphatic vessels
pulmonary veins
The pulmonary veins are large blood vessels that receive oxygenated blood from the lungs and drain into the left atrium of the heart
pulmonary circuit
Pulmonary circulation is the portion of the cardiovascular system which carries deoxygenated blood away from the heart, to the lungs, and returns oxygenated blood back to the heart
respiratory system
The respiratory system is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism
pharynx
The pharynx is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the oesophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs
adenosine triphosphate
Adenosine triphosphate is a nucleoside triphosphate, a small molecule used in cells as a coenzyme
ventricle
In the heart, a ventricle is one of two large chambers that collect and expel blood received from an atrium towards the peripheral beds within the body and lungs
gas exchange
Gas exchange is a biological process through which different gases are transferred in opposite directions across a specialized respiratory surface
afterload
Afterload is the pressure in the wall of the left ventricle during ejection
aorta
The aorta is the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries
veins
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart
gills
A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide
larynx
The larynx /ˈlærɪŋks/ , commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, sound production, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration

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