# Flashcards - Fundamentals of Thermodynamics

Flashcards - Fundamentals of Thermodynamics
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chemical energy
In chemistry, chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances
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chemical bonds
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds
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frequency
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time
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Thermal energy
In thermodynamics, thermal energy refers to the internal energy present in a system due to its temperature
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heat
In physics, heat is energy that spontaneously passes between a system and its surroundings in some way other than through work or the transfer of matter
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potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
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kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
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Energy
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms
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system
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole
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mechanical energy
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy
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mechanical energy
In the physical sciences, mechanical energy is the sum of potential energy and kinetic energy
system
A system is a set of interacting or interdependent component parts forming a complex/intricate whole
Energy
In physics, energy is a property of objects which can be transferred to other objects or converted into different forms
kinetic energy
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion
potential energy
In physics, potential energy is energy possessed by a body by virtue of its position relative to others, stresses within itself, electric charge, and other factors
heat
In physics, heat is energy that spontaneously passes between a system and its surroundings in some way other than through work or the transfer of matter
Thermal energy
In thermodynamics, thermal energy refers to the internal energy present in a system due to its temperature
frequency
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit time
chemical bonds
A chemical bond is a lasting attraction between atoms that enables the formation of chemical compounds
chemical energy
In chemistry, chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances
specific heat capacity
Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a measurable physical quantity equal to the ratio of the heat added to an object to the resulting temperature change
photosynthesis
Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities
work
In physics, a force is said to do work if, when acting there is a displacement of the point of application in the direction of the force
geothermal
Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth
energy transformation
Energy transformation or energy conversion is the process of changing one form of energy to another form of energy
exothermic reaction
An exothermic reaction is a chemical reaction that releases energy by light or heat
endothermic reaction
The term endothermic process describes a process or reaction in which the system absorbs energy from its surroundings; usually, but not always, in the form of heat
fission
In nuclear physics and nuclear chemistry, nuclear fission is either a nuclear reaction or a radioactive decay process in which the nucleus of an atom splits into smaller parts
fusion
In nuclear physics, nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles
phase change
The term phase transition is most commonly used to describe transitions between solid, liquid and gaseous states of matter, and, in rare cases, plasma

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