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Flashcards - GACE English: Literature Types, Terms & Theory

Flashcards - GACE English: Literature Types, Terms & Theory
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symbol
A symbol is a sign that represents, stands for or suggests another idea, visual image, belief, action or material entity
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plot
Plot refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect
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mood
A mood is an emotional state
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metaphor
A metaphor is a figure of speech that refers, for rhetorical effect, to one thing by mentioning another thing
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characters
A character is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art
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catharsis
Catharsis is the purification and purgation of emotions-especially pity and fear-through art or any extreme change in emotion that results in renewal and restoration
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atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
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objects
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
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article
An article is a word that is used alongside a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun
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prose
Prose is a form of language that exhibits a grammatical structure and a natural flow of speech, rather than a rhythmic structure as in traditional poetry
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morality plays
The morality play is a genre of Medieval and early Tudor theatrical entertainment
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genre
Genre is any category of literature, music, or other forms of art or entertainment, whether written or spoken, audio or visual, based on some set of stylistic criteria
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allegory
As a literary device, an allegory in its most general sense is an extended metaphor
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persuasive
Persuasion is an umbrella term of influence
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memoir
A memoir is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events, both public or private, that took place in the subject's life
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autobiographical
An autobiography is a written account of the life of a person written by that person
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fiction
Fiction is the classification for any story created by the imagination and, therefore, not based strictly on history or fact
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short story
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that can be read in one sitting
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novella
A novella is a work of written, fictional, narrative prose normally longer than a short story but shorter than a novel
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novel
A novel is a long narrative, normally in prose, which describes fictional characters and events, usually in the form of a sequential story
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novel
A novel is a long narrative, normally in prose, which describes fictional characters and events, usually in the form of a sequential story
novella
A novella is a work of written, fictional, narrative prose normally longer than a short story but shorter than a novel
short story
A short story is a piece of prose fiction that can be read in one sitting
fiction
Fiction is the classification for any story created by the imagination and, therefore, not based strictly on history or fact
autobiographical
An autobiography is a written account of the life of a person written by that person
memoir
A memoir is a collection of memories that an individual writes about moments or events, both public or private, that took place in the subject's life
persuasive
Persuasion is an umbrella term of influence
allegory
As a literary device, an allegory in its most general sense is an extended metaphor
genre
Genre is any category of literature, music, or other forms of art or entertainment, whether written or spoken, audio or visual, based on some set of stylistic criteria
morality plays
The morality play is a genre of Medieval and early Tudor theatrical entertainment
prose
Prose is a form of language that exhibits a grammatical structure and a natural flow of speech, rather than a rhythmic structure as in traditional poetry
article
An article is a word that is used alongside a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun
objects
Traditional grammar defines the object in a sentence as the entity that is acted upon by the subject
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
catharsis
Catharsis is the purification and purgation of emotions-especially pity and fear-through art or any extreme change in emotion that results in renewal and restoration
characters
A character is the representation of a person in a narrative or dramatic work of art
metaphor
A metaphor is a figure of speech that refers, for rhetorical effect, to one thing by mentioning another thing
mood
A mood is an emotional state
plot
Plot refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect
symbol
A symbol is a sign that represents, stands for or suggests another idea, visual image, belief, action or material entity
themes
In contemporary literary studies, a theme is the central topic a text treats
tone
In literature, the tone of a literary work expresses the writer's attitude toward or feelings about the subject matter and audience
Irony
Irony , in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case
rhyme scheme
A rhyme scheme is the pattern of rhymes at the end of each line of a poem or song
stanzas
In poetry, a stanza is a grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line or indentation
George Eliot
Mary Ann Evans , known by her pen name George Eliot, was an English novelist, poet, journalist, translator and one of the leading writers of the Victorian era
Herman Melville
Herman Melville was an American novelist, short story writer, and poet of the American Renaissance period
Jane Austen
Jane Austen was an English novelist known primarily for her six major novels which interpret, critique and comment upon the British landed gentry at the end of the 18th century
nonfiction
Creative nonfiction is a genre of writing that uses literary styles and techniques to create factually accurate narratives
essay
An essay is, generally, a piece of writing that gives the author's own argument - but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet, and a short story
reference books
A reference work is a book or periodical to which one can refer for information
denotation
Denotation is a translation of a sign to its meaning, precisely to its literal meaning, more or less like dictionaries try to define it
free verse
Free verse is an open form of poetry
literature as an art form
Literature, in its broadest sense, is any single body of written works
Postmodernism
Postmodernism describes both an era and a broad movement that developed in the late-20th century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism which marked a departure from modernism
facts
A fact is something that has really occurred or is actually the case
diary
A diary is a record with discrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over the course of a day or other period
first person point of view
A first-person narrative is a story from the first-person perspective: the viewpoint of a character writing or speaking directly about themselves
speech
Speech is the vocalized form of communication based upon the syntactic combination of lexicals and names that are drawn from very large vocabularies
antagonist
An antagonist is a character, group of characters, institution, or concept that stands in or represents opposition against which the protagonist must contend
archetypes
The concept of an archetype /ˈɑË?rkɪtaɪp/ appears in areas relating to behavior, modern psychological theory, and literary analysis
meter
The metre, or meter , is the base unit of length in the International System of Units
scansion
Scansion or a system of scansion is the act of determining and graphically representing the metrical character of a line of verse
printing press
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium , thereby transferring the ink

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