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Flashcards - GACE Political Science: U.S. Jurisprudence

Flashcards - GACE Political Science: U.S. Jurisprudence
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default judgment
Default judgment is a binding judgment in favor of either party based on some failure to take action by the other party
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Venue
Venue is the location where a case is heard
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Constitutional laws
Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary
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common law system
A common law legal system is characterized by case law developed by judges, courts, and similar tribunals, when giving decisions in individual cases that have precedential effect on future cases
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defendant
A defendant is a person or entity accused of a crime in criminal prosecution or a person or entity against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case
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counterclaim
In a court of law, a party's claim is a counter-claim if the defending party has previously made a claim against the claiming party
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Subject matter jurisdiction
Subject-matter jurisdiction is the authority of a court to hear cases of a particular type or cases relating to a specific subject matter
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Regulations
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends
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Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution
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19 cards in set
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Bill of Rights
The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution
Regulations
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends
Subject matter jurisdiction
Subject-matter jurisdiction is the authority of a court to hear cases of a particular type or cases relating to a specific subject matter
counterclaim
In a court of law, a party's claim is a counter-claim if the defending party has previously made a claim against the claiming party
defendant
A defendant is a person or entity accused of a crime in criminal prosecution or a person or entity against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case
common law system
A common law legal system is characterized by case law developed by judges, courts, and similar tribunals, when giving decisions in individual cases that have precedential effect on future cases
Constitutional laws
Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature, and the judiciary
Venue
Venue is the location where a case is heard
default judgment
Default judgment is a binding judgment in favor of either party based on some failure to take action by the other party
plaintiff
A plaintiff is the party who initiates a lawsuit before a court
hung jury
A hung jury or deadlocked jury is a judicial jury that cannot agree upon a verdict after extended deliberation and is unable to reach the required unanimity or supermajority
petit jury
In common law, a petit jury hears the evidence in a trial as presented by both the plaintiff and the defendant
verdict
In law, a verdict is the formal finding of fact made by a jury on matters or questions submitted to the jury by a judge
oral arguments
Oral arguments are spoken to a judge or appellate court by a lawyer of the legal reasons why they should prevail
dispute resolution
Dispute resolution is the process of resolving disputes between parties
Criminal procedure
Criminal procedure is the adjudication process of the criminal law
statutory law
Statutory law or statute law is written law set down by a body of legislature or by a singular legislator
Administrative law
Administrative law is the body of law that governs the activities of administrative agencies of government
writ of habeas corpus
Habeas corpus is a recourse in law whereby a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment before a court, usually through a prison official

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