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Flashcards - Genetic Influences on Development

Flashcards - Genetic Influences on Development
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Hemophilia
Haemophilia also spelled hemophilia, is a mostly inherited, genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots, a process needed to stop bleeding
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genetic disorder
A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome, especially a condition that is present from birth
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Chromosomal errors
A chromosome anomaly, abnormality, aberration, or mutation is a missing, extra, or irregular portion of chromosomal DNA
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polygenic
A polygene, multiple factor, multiple gene inheritance, or quantitative gene is a group of non-epistatic genes that together influence a phenotypic trait
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mutation
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements
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mutation
In biology, a mutation is the permanent alteration of the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal DNA or other genetic elements
polygenic
A polygene, multiple factor, multiple gene inheritance, or quantitative gene is a group of non-epistatic genes that together influence a phenotypic trait
Chromosomal errors
A chromosome anomaly, abnormality, aberration, or mutation is a missing, extra, or irregular portion of chromosomal DNA
genetic disorder
A genetic disorder is a genetic problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome, especially a condition that is present from birth
Hemophilia
Haemophilia also spelled hemophilia, is a mostly inherited, genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots, a process needed to stop bleeding
Tay-Sachs disease
Tay–Sachs disease is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder
Turner syndrome
Turner syndrome also known as 45,X, is a condition in which a female is partly or completely missing an X chromosome
crossing over
Chromosomal crossover is the exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes that results in recombinant chromosomes during sexual reproduction
genetic code
The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded within genetic material is translated into proteins by living cells
Down syndrome
Down syndrome , also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all, or part of a third copy of chromosome 21

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