Flashcards - Geological Forms

Flashcards - Geological Forms
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fold
A geological fold occurs when one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, are bent or curved as a result of permanent deformation
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faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
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fracture
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a damage in the continuity of the bone
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fracture
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a damage in the continuity of the bone
faults
In geology, a fault is a planar fracture or discontinuity in a volume of rock, across which there has been significant displacement as a result of rock mass movement
fold
A geological fold occurs when one or a stack of originally flat and planar surfaces, such as sedimentary strata, are bent or curved as a result of permanent deformation
fold mountain
Fold mountains are mountains that form mainly by the effects of folding on layers within the upper part of the Earth's crust
subduction
Subduction is a geological process that takes place at convergent boundaries of tectonic plates where one plate moves under another and is forced down into the mantle
volcano
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface
ductile deformation
In Earth science, as opposed to Materials Science, Ductility refers to the capacity of a rock to deform to large strains without macroscopic fracturing

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