Flashcards - Human Activity and the Biosphere

Flashcards - Human Activity and the Biosphere
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overharvesting
Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns
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landfills
A landfill site is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment
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cotton gin
A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation
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carbon sink
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period
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extinct
In biology and ecology, extinction is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms , normally a species
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global warming
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects
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global warming
Global warming and climate change are terms for the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects
extinct
In biology and ecology, extinction is the end of an organism or of a group of organisms , normally a species
carbon sink
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period
cotton gin
A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation
landfills
A landfill site is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment
overharvesting
Overexploitation, also called overharvesting, refers to harvesting a renewable resource to the point of diminishing returns
greenhouse gas
A greenhouse gas is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range
ecological footprint
An ecological footprint is a measure of human impact on Earth's ecosystems
The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
Industrial ecology
Industrial ecology is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems
sustainable ecosystem
In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely
pollutant
A pollutant is a substance or energy introduced into the environment that has undesired effects, or adversely affects the usefulness of a resource
pollution
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change

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