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Flashcards - Human Reproduction, Pregnancy & Birth

Flashcards - Human Reproduction, Pregnancy & Birth
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gonadotropins
Gonadotropins are glycoprotein polypeptide hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the anterior pituitary of vertebrates
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anterior pituitary
A major organ of the endocrine system, the anterior pituitary , is the glandular, anterior lobe that together with the posterior lobe makes up the pituitary gland
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infertility
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means
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Gravida
In biology and human medicine, gravidity and parity are the number of times a female is or has been pregnant and carried the pregnancies to a viable gestational age
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calcium
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20
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respiratory system
The respiratory system is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism
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nervous system
The nervous system is the part of an animal's body that coordinates its actions and transmits signals to and from different parts of its body
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ovarian cycle
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible
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corpus luteum
The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine structure in female ovaries that is involved in the production of relatively high levels of progesterone and moderate levels of estradiol and inhibin A
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hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
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zona pellucida
The zona pellucida is a glycoprotein layer surrounding the plasma membrane of mammalian oocytes
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ovulation
Ovulation is the release of egg from the ovaries
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testes
The testicle is the male gonad in animals
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ovaries
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
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ovaries
The ovary is an ovum-producing reproductive organ, often found in pairs in the female as part of the vertebrate female reproductive system
testes
The testicle is the male gonad in animals
ovulation
Ovulation is the release of egg from the ovaries
zona pellucida
The zona pellucida is a glycoprotein layer surrounding the plasma membrane of mammalian oocytes
hypothalamus
The hypothalamus is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions
corpus luteum
The corpus luteum is a temporary endocrine structure in female ovaries that is involved in the production of relatively high levels of progesterone and moderate levels of estradiol and inhibin A
ovarian cycle
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible
nervous system
The nervous system is the part of an animal's body that coordinates its actions and transmits signals to and from different parts of its body
respiratory system
The respiratory system is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structures used for the process of respiration in an organism
calcium
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20
Gravida
In biology and human medicine, gravidity and parity are the number of times a female is or has been pregnant and carried the pregnancies to a viable gestational age
infertility
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means
anterior pituitary
A major organ of the endocrine system, the anterior pituitary , is the glandular, anterior lobe that together with the posterior lobe makes up the pituitary gland
gonadotropins
Gonadotropins are glycoprotein polypeptide hormones secreted by gonadotrope cells of the anterior pituitary of vertebrates
HPG axis
The hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal axis refers to the hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and gonadal glands as if these individual endocrine glands were a single entity
pituitary
In vertebrate anatomy, the pituitary gland, or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0
joints
A joint or articulation is the connection made between bones in the body
vaginal birth
A vaginal delivery is the birth of offspring in mammals through the vagina
premature baby
Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is the birth of a baby at less than 37 weeks gestational age
spontaneous abortion or miscarriage
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently
stillbirth
Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy
sudden infant death syndrome
Sudden infant death syndrome , also known as cot death or crib death, is the sudden unexplained death of a child less than one year of age
gonads
A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is an endocrine gland that produces the gametes of an organism
Down syndrome
Down syndrome , also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all, or part of a third copy of chromosome 21
Radiation
In physics, radiation is the emission or transmission of energy in the form of waves or particles through space or through a material medium
Placenta previa
Placenta previa is an obstetric complication in which the placenta is inserted partially or wholly in the lower uterine segment
placental abruption
Placental abruption is a complication of pregnancy, wherein the placental lining has separated from the uterus of the mother prior to delivery
minerals
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound

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