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Flashcards - Human Reproduction & Development Basics

Flashcards - Human Reproduction & Development Basics
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menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible
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sperm
Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word sperma
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gonads
A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is an endocrine gland that produces the gametes of an organism
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vagina
The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the cervix
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urologist
Urology , also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs
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Seminiferous vesicles
The seminal vesicles , vesicular glands, or seminal glands, are a pair of simple tubular glands posteroinferior to the urinary bladder of some male mammals
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Seminiferous vesicles
The seminal vesicles , vesicular glands, or seminal glands, are a pair of simple tubular glands posteroinferior to the urinary bladder of some male mammals
urologist
Urology , also known as genitourinary surgery, is the branch of medicine that focuses on surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs
vagina
The vagina is a muscular and tubular part of the female genital tract, which in humans extends from the vulva to the cervix
gonads
A gonad or sex gland or reproductive gland is an endocrine gland that produces the gametes of an organism
sperm
Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word sperma
menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible
Symptoms
A symptom is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease
embryonic stage
An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism
germ layer
A germ layer is a primary layer of cells that form during embryogenesis
organogenesis
In animal development, organogenesis is the process by which the ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm develop into the internal organs of the organism
trophectoderm
Trophoblasts are cells forming the outer layer of a blastocyst, which provide nutrients to the embryo and develop into a large part of the placenta
surfactant
Surfactants are compounds that lower the surface tension between two liquids or between a liquid and a solid

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