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Flashcards - Human Senses

Flashcards - Human Senses
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ossicles
The ossicles are three bones in either middle ear that are among the smallest bones in the human body
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middle ear
The middle ear is the portion of the ear internal to the eardrum, and external to the oval window of the inner ear
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inner ear
The inner ear is the innermost part of the vertebrate ear
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circadian rhythms
A circadian rhythm /sÉœË?rˈkeɪdiÉ™n/ is any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours
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photoreceptors
A photoreceptor cell is a specialized type of neuron found in the retina that is capable of phototransduction
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optic nerve
The optic nerve, also known as cranial nerve II, is a paired nerve that transmits visual information from the retina to the brain
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optic nerve
The optic nerve, also known as cranial nerve II, is a paired nerve that transmits visual information from the retina to the brain
photoreceptors
A photoreceptor cell is a specialized type of neuron found in the retina that is capable of phototransduction
circadian rhythms
A circadian rhythm /sÉœË?rˈkeɪdiÉ™n/ is any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours
inner ear
The inner ear is the innermost part of the vertebrate ear
middle ear
The middle ear is the portion of the ear internal to the eardrum, and external to the oval window of the inner ear
ossicles
The ossicles are three bones in either middle ear that are among the smallest bones in the human body
outer ear
The outer ear is the external portion of the ear, which consists of the auricle and the ear canal
semicircular canals
The semicircular canals or semicircular ducts are three semicircular, interconnected tubes located in the innermost part of each ear, the inner ear
tympanic membrane
In human anatomy, the eardrum, or tympanic membrane, is a thin, cone-shaped membrane that separates the external ear from the middle ear in humans and other tetrapods
bony labyrinth
The bony labyrinth is the rigid, bony outer wall of the inner ear in the temporal bone
Somatosensation
The somatosensory system is a complex system of nerve cells that responds to changes to the surface or internal state of the body
pressure
Pressure is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed

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