Flashcards - Human Skeletal System

Flashcards - Human Skeletal System
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osteoblast
Osteoblast are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone
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pelvic cavity
The pelvic cavity is a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis
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tarsals
In tetrapods, the tarsus is a cluster of seven articulating bones in each foot situated between the lower end of tibia and fibula of the lower leg and the metatarsus
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metatarsals
The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes
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ulna
The ulna is one of the two long bones in the forearm
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humerus
The humerus is a long bone in the arm or forelimb that runs from the shoulder to the elbow
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carpal bones
The carpal bones are the eight small bones that make up the wrist that connects the hand to the forearm
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sternum
The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone shaped like a necktie located in the center of the chest
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ribs
In vertebrate anatomy, ribs are the long curved bones which form the rib cage
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occipital bone
The occipital bone , a saucer-shaped membrane bone, is the main bone of the occiput, situated at the back and lower part of the skull
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axial skeleton
The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate
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appendicular skeleton
The appendicular skeleton is the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of the bones or cartilage that support the appendages
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appendicular skeleton
The appendicular skeleton is the portion of the skeleton of vertebrates consisting of the bones or cartilage that support the appendages
axial skeleton
The axial skeleton is the part of the skeleton that consists of the bones of the head and trunk of a vertebrate
occipital bone
The occipital bone , a saucer-shaped membrane bone, is the main bone of the occiput, situated at the back and lower part of the skull
ribs
In vertebrate anatomy, ribs are the long curved bones which form the rib cage
sternum
The sternum or breastbone is a long flat bone shaped like a necktie located in the center of the chest
carpal bones
The carpal bones are the eight small bones that make up the wrist that connects the hand to the forearm
humerus
The humerus is a long bone in the arm or forelimb that runs from the shoulder to the elbow
ulna
The ulna is one of the two long bones in the forearm
metatarsals
The metatarsal bones, or metatarsus are a group of five long bones in the foot, located between the tarsal bones of the hind- and mid-foot and the phalanges of the toes
tarsals
In tetrapods, the tarsus is a cluster of seven articulating bones in each foot situated between the lower end of tibia and fibula of the lower leg and the metatarsus
pelvic cavity
The pelvic cavity is a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis
osteoblast
Osteoblast are cells with a single nucleus that synthesize bone
osteoclasts
An osteoclast is a type of bone cell that breaks down bone tissue
ethmoid bone
The ethmoid bone is an unpaired bone in the skull that separates the nasal cavity from the brain
parietal bones
The parietal bones /pəˈraɪᵻtəl/ are two bones in the human skull which, when joined together at a fibrous joint, form the sides and roof of the cranium
lacrimal bone
The lacrimal bone is the smallest and most fragile bone of the face; roughly the size of the little fingernail
palatine bones
The palatine bones are two irregular bones of the facial skeleton in many animal species
the maxilla
The maxilla is the upper jawbone formed from the fusion of two maxillary bones
clavicle
In human anatomy, the clavicle or collarbone is a long bone that serves as a strut between the shoulder blade and the sternum or breastbone
glenoid cavity
The glenoid cavity or glenoid fossa of scapula is a part of the shoulder
the scapula
In anatomy, the scapula or shoulder blade is the bone that connects the humerus with the clavicle
joints
A joint or articulation is the connection made between bones in the body
meniscus
In anatomy, a meniscus is a crescent-shaped fibrocartilaginous structure that, in contrast to an articular disk, only partly divides a joint cavity
synarthrosis
A synarthrosis is a type of joint which permits very little or no movement under normal conditions
costal cartilage
The costal cartilages are bars of hyaline cartilage that serve to prolong the ribs forward and contribute to the elasticity of the walls of the thorax

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