Flashcards - Hydrosphere & Atmosphere

Flashcards - Hydrosphere & Atmosphere
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greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
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atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
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climate
Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
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headland
A headland is a coastal landform, a point of land usually high and often with a sheer drop, that extends out into a body of water
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water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
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permeability
In electromagnetism, permeability is the measure of the ability of a material to support the formation of a magnetic field within itself
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evaporate
Evaporation is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase that is not saturated with the evaporating substance
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Deposition
In the law of the United States, a deposition is the out-of-court oral testimony of a witness that is reduced to writing for later use in court or for discovery purposes
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hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
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hydrosphere
The hydrosphere is the combined mass of water found on, under, and above the surface of a planet
Deposition
In the law of the United States, a deposition is the out-of-court oral testimony of a witness that is reduced to writing for later use in court or for discovery purposes
evaporate
Evaporation is a type of vaporization of a liquid that occurs from the surface of a liquid into a gaseous phase that is not saturated with the evaporating substance
permeability
In electromagnetism, permeability is the measure of the ability of a material to support the formation of a magnetic field within itself
water cycle
The water cycle, also known as the hydrological cycle or the H2O cycle, describes the continuous movement of water on, above and below the surface of the Earth
headland
A headland is a coastal landform, a point of land usually high and often with a sheer drop, that extends out into a body of water
Precipitation
In meteorology, precipitation is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under gravity
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
climate
Climate is the statistics of weather, usually over a 30-year interval
atmosphere
An atmosphere is a layer of gases surrounding a planet or other material body, that is held in place by the gravity of that body
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
porosity
Porosity or void fraction is a measure of the void spaces in a material, and is a fraction of the volume of voids over the total volume, between 0 and 1, or as a percentage between 0 and 100%
meanders
A meander, in general, is a bend in a sinuous watercourse or river
river
A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river
ionosphere
The ionosphere is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km to 1,000 km altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere
stratosphere
The stratosphere is the second major layer of Earth's atmosphere, just above the troposphere, and below the mesosphere
thermosphere
The thermosphere is the layer of the Earth's atmosphere directly above the mesosphere and directly below the exosphere
troposphere
The troposphere is the lowest portion of Earth's atmosphere, and is also where all weather takes place
jet streams
Jet streams are fast flowing, narrow, meandering air currents found in the atmosphere of some planets, including Earth
Weather
Weather is the state of the atmosphere, to the degree that it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy, clear or cloudy
rain shadow
A rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side of a mountainous area
erosion
In earth science, erosion is the action of surface processes that remove soil, rock, or dissolved material from one location on the Earth's crust, then transport it away to another location
fog
Fog is a visible mass consisting of cloud water droplets or ice crystals suspended in the air at or near the Earth's surface

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