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Flashcards - Immune Disorders & Infectious Conditions

Flashcards - Immune Disorders & Infectious Conditions
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asthma
Asthma is a common long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs
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Bacteria
Bacteria constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms
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immune system
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease
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antibiotic resistance
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication previously used to treat them
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antibiotic
Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections
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pandemic
A pandemic is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide
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epidemic
An epidemic is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less
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infection
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce
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vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
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vector
Vector graphics is the use of polygons to represent images in computer graphics
infection
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce
epidemic
An epidemic is the rapid spread of infectious disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less
pandemic
A pandemic is an epidemic of infectious disease that has spread through human populations across a large region; for instance multiple continents, or even worldwide
antibiotic
Antibiotics, also called antibacterials, are a type of antimicrobial drug used in the treatment and prevention of bacterial infections
antibiotic resistance
Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of a microbe to resist the effects of medication previously used to treat them
immune system
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease
Bacteria
Bacteria constitute a large domain of prokaryotic microorganisms
asthma
Asthma is a common long term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs
autoimmune disease
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part
virus
A virus is a small infectious agent that replicates only inside the living cells of other organisms
vaccine
A vaccine is a biological preparation that provides active acquired immunity to a particular disease
germ theory of disease
The germ theory of disease states that some diseases are caused by microorganisms
syphilis
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum
abstinence
Abstinence is a self-enforced restraint from indulging in bodily activities that are widely experienced as giving pleasure
allergens
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body
multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged
myasthenia gravis
Myasthenia gravis is a long term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of muscle weakness
systemic lupus erythematosus
Systemic lupus erythematosus , also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body"™s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body

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