Flashcards - Immune System - Innate and Adaptive Systems for the MCAT: Help and Review

Flashcards - Immune System - Innate and Adaptive Systems for the MCAT: Help and Review
1 / 13 0 0
13 cards in set
An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates
antigen-presenting cells
An antigen-presenting cell or accessory cell is a cell that displays antigen complexed with major histocompatibility complexes on their surfaces; this process is known as antigen presentation
A paratope, also called an antigen-binding site, is a part of an antibody which recognizes and binds to an antigen
Antibody opsonization is the process by which a pathogen is marked for ingestion and eliminated by a phagocyte
mast cell
A mast cell is a type of white blood cell
Phagocytes are cells that protect the body by ingesting harmful foreign particles, bacteria, and dead or dying cells
T helper cells
The T helper cells are a type of T cell that play an important role in the immune system, particularly in the adaptive immune system
T lymphocyte
A T cell or T lymphocyte is a type of lymphocyte that plays a central role in cell-mediated immunity
B cells, also known as B lymphocytes, are a type of white blood cell of the lymphocyte subtype
plasma cell
Plasma cells, also called plasma B cells, plasmocytes, plasmacytes, or effector B cells, are white blood cells that secrete large volumes of antibodies
Granulocytes are a category of white blood cells characterized by the presence of granules in their cytoplasm
Neutrophil are the most abundant type of granulocytes and the most abundant type of white blood cells in most mammals

To unlock this flashcard set you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member

Already a member? Log In