Flashcards - Impact of Humans on the Environment

Flashcards - Impact of Humans on the Environment
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Industrial ecology
Industrial ecology is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems
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The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
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ecological footprint
An ecological footprint is a measure of human impact on Earth's ecosystems
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greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
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landfills
A landfill site is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment
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cotton gin
A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation
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carbon sink
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period
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carbon sink
A carbon sink is a natural or artificial reservoir that accumulates and stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for an indefinite period
cotton gin
A cotton gin is a machine that quickly and easily separates cotton fibers from their seeds, allowing for much greater productivity than manual cotton separation
landfills
A landfill site is a site for the disposal of waste materials by burial and is the oldest form of waste treatment
greenhouse effect
The greenhouse effect is the process by which radiation from a planet's atmosphere warms the planet's surface to a temperature above what it would be without its atmosphere
ecological footprint
An ecological footprint is a measure of human impact on Earth's ecosystems
The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840
Industrial ecology
Industrial ecology is the study of material and energy flows through industrial systems
sustainable ecosystem
In ecology, sustainability is the property of biological systems to remain diverse and productive indefinitely
pollutant
A pollutant is a substance or energy introduced into the environment that has undesired effects, or adversely affects the usefulness of a resource
acid mine drainage
Acid mine drainage, acid and metalliferous drainage , or acid rock drainage refers to the outflow of acidic water from metal mines or coal mines
longwall mining
Longwall mining is a form of underground coal mining where a long wall of coal is mined in a single slice
Surface mining
Surface mining, including strip mining, open-pit mining and mountaintop removal mining, is a broad category of mining in which soil and rock overlying the mineral deposit are removed
pollution
Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change
minerals
A mineral is a naturally occurring chemical compound

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