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Flashcards - Introduction to Organic Chemistry

Flashcards - Introduction to Organic Chemistry
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primary structure
The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure
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saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
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glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
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Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
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Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
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Proteins
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues
Glucose
Glucose is a sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6
glycogen
Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in animals and fungi
saturated
A saturated fat is a type of fat, in which the fatty acids all have single bonds
primary structure
The primary structure of a peptide or protein is the linear sequence of its amino acid structural units, and partly comprises its overall biomolecular structure
quaternary structure
In biochemistry, quaternary structure is the number and arrangement of multiple folded protein subunits in a multi-subunit complex
secondary structure
In biochemistry and structural biology, protein secondary structure is the general three-dimensional form of local segments of proteins
monosaccharides
Monosaccharides , also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates
monomer
A monomer is a molecule that may bind chemically or supramolecularly to other molecules to form a polymer
polymer
A polymer is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits
disaccharides
A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined

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